Sl. No.







Institutional Building


Capacity Building, workshops, Exposure visits


Details of MTCs/TTDC


Micro Finance


CIF, Livelihood interventions and Value Chains


Convergence with LD & PRIs




Health & Nutrition










Youth Empowerment


Tribal Development




Child labour


Monitoring & Learning


Communication & Partnerships.


Environmental Aspects


AWFP for the Year 2005-06


Best Practices/ success stories / challenges




Any other issues















Velugu project in Warangal district was launched in June 2002 and the staff is positioned in phases.  It covers 37 Mandals in DPMU and 5 Mandals in TPMU.


1.     Human Resource:


The status of the project functionaries in DPMU of Warangal district:






Action proposed for vacancies





Gender 1, pending at SERP



























DPM (Gender) is vacant.  There is only one District level specialist (Consultant) working for dairy activities.  Recently, DPMU has recruited Community Volunteers (CVs) in the existing vacancies of CCs as there is ban on recruitment of CCs.  The CVs are identified from within the system like MRPs, MBKs, MTCs and CAs. There are presently 7 Livelihood Associates anchoring in different sectors like marketing, job employment, constructions, mini watersheds, leather and kiosks.


Capacity Building:

Trainings:    Book keeping: Trainings given to all MBKs on SHG Standard Accounting Package (SAP) and village organization book keeping system. 

Trainings given on procurement center books of accounts to 64 procurement centres CAs and concerned MBKs. 

Trainings given to 794 CAs on SHG book keeping system by the concerned MBKs at village/Mandal level. 


Exposure visits:    The selected 16 CCs/APMs were sent for an exposure visit to ILRC, Ranchi for Lac intervention in the district.  Selected CCs/APMs were given orientation on collective procurement/marketing concepts.


Ananthapur UNDP SAPAP Mandals:  All the DPMs, selected APMs and CCs, MBKs, MTCs from selected Mandals were sent to Ananthapur UNDP SAPAP Mandals for exposure for 6 days along with MS leaders of Model Mandals.  They have seen the group meetings, VO and MS meetings and their capacities in reviewing their staff, addressing different types of issues.  The Model Mandals have started streamlining the group meetings and review systems.


Workshops at DPMU:    NGO-GO workshop: A two-day workshop was organized for the NGOs and Government Departments in Warangal district coordinated by the Project Director, IKP.  In the workshop all the NGOs have explained their working pattern and area of operation and the government department heads also explained the funding pattern and staffing pattern to the communities.  Later, the NGOs and GOs have explained their strengths and weaknesses and decided to support each other wherever possible.


Trainings by DPMU to MS:   The MS leaders have given intensive training on MS management and book keeping for effective functioning of the MS.  The MS OB members also given training on the dynamics in management of CBOs.  The OB members have given trainings on MCP preparation and appraisal of the sub-projects in 1st phase.          

Percentage of Government staff to other staff:  Total 27 staff members existing at DPMU both field staff and office staff within this 19 belong to govt. and 18 belong to other staff.  Thereby about 50% of government staff exists to other staff.  Within the 19 government staff, there are 11 persons in the office, 8 in the field.  And within the 18 open market staff 10 are in the office and 8 are in the field. 


2.     Participatory Identification of Poor (PIP):


Participatory identification of poor is completed and the poverty document is kept at MSs, Grama Panchayats and MPDO offices.  The data is utilized by the Community Coordinators for mobilizing the PoP/poor families to form into SHGs.  The other government departments are also following the poverty document for implementing their concerned projects to reach the PoP/poor.  There is convergence with the line departments for benefiting the poor as per the poverty document.



3.     Institutional Building:


Identification of PoP, Poor is completed at the time of PIP. Based on the document, the CCs are mobilizing the PoP/Poor families into SHGs.  The old groups are identified and listed out according to their status and the strengthening process is going on.  The CCs have taken up the old groups, which are defunct and default groups and finalized the accounts as there are variances in the group members and hence they are continuing their savings.  The new groups were formed with the PoP/Poor families.  So far there are 8,240groups formed.  There are 30,150 groups in DPMU mandals. There are 1160 VOs and each VO has identified a Community Activist (CA). The DPMU mandals (37) have federated to Mandal Samakyas. The MS EC and OB meetings are held monthly once.  The Executive Committee consists of two representatives from each VO attend the MS EC meeting. All the 37 MTCs are equipped with audio, video and other training aids. 


Social Capital:   All the MSs are placed with 160 MBKs, 37 MTCs @ 1 MTC (Mandal Training Coordinator), 4 MBKs (Mandal Book Keepers) per Mandal.  The MTC will be incharge for the MVTC and he/she will coordinate all the trainings held in the Mandal.  The MBKs are responsible for monitoring and auditing the account books of VOs and MS.  He/she is responsible for training the BKs in his/her jurisdiction.


CRPs: There are 111 CRPs in the district @ 3 per Mandal.  Ananthapur CRPs (UNDP – SAPAP) have placed in 18 Mandals for 3 months to train all the SHG members in the selected villages of the Mandal as model villages.  Basically, 4 villages were identified as model villages for 6 months and double in the next year and thereon. 


The internal CRPs have to stay along with the Ananthapur CRPs in the model villages for 10-15 days.  The cluster CC, MBK and APM also stay with the CRPs to facilitate the left over poor, SHGs, VOs.  The team covers all the left over poor into groups and all the members will be trained on group norms.  The community identifies book keeper for the groups and the team trains the identified book keeper in updating the books of accounts of the SHGs. The girls will be formed into Balika Sanghams and they start savings in the VO. The persons with disability (PWDs) are also formed into groups and start savings.  The team mobilizes the groups to weekly meetings and savings.  The team facilitates to identify a Community Health Activist (CHA) and Livestock Activist (LSA) also identified by the community. The team will provide memberwise training on group norms, roles and responsibilities of CBOs in development sector.


Finally, the team will train the members on Micro Credit Plan (MCP).  The team facilitates 2-3 SHGs for Micro Credit Planning for income generation activities.  A Balika Sangham also prepares MCP as social sub-project.  The proposals are presented before the VO for sanction at DPMU.  The team finally facilitates to open VO office inviting all the members and local public representatives.


So far, with external CRPs and internal CRPs teams 18 mandals have taken for intensive work on SHG trainings.  Total 34,313 members were trained from 3690 SHGs. 444 new SHGs formed with the PoP/Poor women.  The team audited 3477 SHG books. 1750 SHGs are conducting weekly meetings.  179 VO books were audited.  561 bookkeepers were identified. 146 CHAs and 127 LSAs were identified.  143 PWD groups were formed and started savings.  401 SHGs are prepared MCPs and presented to the VOs for sanctioning by the DPMU. The amount requested by the SHGs through the MSs as seed capital is Rs.2.35 Crores.  No. of VOs trained on MCP are 177.  404 Balika Sanghas formed and social sub-project prepared for them for an amount of Rs. 3.77 lakhs.  The teams finally opened 151 VO offices in the villages. 










PIP Survey

Participatory identification of poor is completed. 2,44,550 PoP & Poor households were identified out of 6,90,902 total households.  The data is utilized by the CBOs for mobilizing the PoP/poor families to form into SHGs.  Developed a base line data by building good rapport with community and identified best social capital and utilizing their services.


Organizing of Poor & PoP into SHGs

So far, 240,050 PoP & Poor households were organized into groups. The total SHGs in the district 30,150.  8,200 new SHGs organized into SHGs after IKP


Revival of Defunct/ Default SHGs

1126 Default /Defunct SHGs were revived


Capacity Build to SHGs

210 various IB, CB & MF trainings were conducted to 6700 CBO Staff and CBOs, according to the action plans.


Formation of Village Organisations (VOs)

1120 VOs were formed by coming together of 30,150 SHGs


Identification of Social Capital

73 CCs, 37 CVs, 149 MBKs, 37 MTCs, 1160 CAs, 111 CRPs and 10 botanists were identified by the concerned CBOs and nurtured


Formation of Mandal Samkhyas

37 MS were formed by 1120 VOs.


Providing of basic Infrastructure facilities to MTC

37 MTCs were provided the basic infrastructure worth of Rs. 1,00,000/- to each 



Organization of SHGs persons with disability

467 Disability SHGs were organized



Vision Building:  The project will focus on targeting assistance to 37 backward mandals in the district.  The approx. households are 2.11 lakhs, who are the BPL, PoP – SC, ST, marginalized BCs and people with no control over productive resources, landless poor, daily wage labour, unskilled marginal farmers, disabled, child labour – especially girl child labour etc.


Expected Major Outcomes:

·        Social empowerment and mobilization through better organization

·        Improved skills to enhance the abilities of the target communities to undertake productive investment and increase earning opportunities

·        Greater access to productive assets, infrastructure and social services

·        Social protection to those who are vulnerable to natural and health related risks

·        Existence of self-managed, member owned and member controlled financially sustainable CBOs

·        Provision of quality micro-finance services to members

·        Improved knowledge and skills among targeted members

·        Empowerment of the target communities

·        Institutional change


Formation and registration of VOs, MSs, etc:  There are 1160 Vos in the DPMU mandals.  The process of registration is under progress.  So far only one VO is registered in Bachannapet Mandal.


4.     Capacity Building, workshops, Exposure visits:


Capacity building for CBOs:  51,253 members from 5,013 SHGs were trained in SHG concepts by the MRPs/CRPs at the village level.  MS presidents and secretaries (74) trained in IKP concept and IB strategies.  President and secretaries of VOs (965) trained in Mandal Training Centres on IKP and IB strategies.  68 VOs consisting of 500 members were trained in collective procurement and marketing of Neem seed in 16 Mandals.  The procurement center members who have taken responsibility of the procurement of the commodities were given second time training on marketing techniques, quality assessment, book keeping, etc.


2376 EC members of MS have also imparted training on Mandal Samakya roles and responsibilities and MS leaders responsibilities, the coordination among the SHG-VO-MS and vis-à-vis.


Capacity building for Project functionaries:  The CAs are mainly mobilizing the PoP/poor to form into SHGs and capacity building to the groups in all aspects.  The DPMU organized trainings to the CCs and APMs in concepts of SHG, VO and MS and Micro Finance with the APMAS.  The CCs, APMs, DRPs, MRPs and MTCs are also trained on Participatory Training Methodology (PTM) concepts by OUTREACH. Training on SAP book keeping conducted to all the CCs, APMs, MBKs and DRPs by the COE and DPMU.


863 CAs are trained in MTCs on IKP and IB strategies.  Induction training conducted for MRPs, MBKs and MTCs at TTDC for 5 days.  Registration of VOs under MACS Act is under process.


Details of trainings conducted to the Field Functionaries of DPMU:




No. trained (2 batches)

No. of days

Resource persons

Month/ Year


Training on SAP to MBKs

60 MBKs,



Jan’04 & Mar’04


Induction training




Mar’ 04


Participatory training methodology (PTM)






Training on SAP to CCs

62 CCs





Training on Book keeping to CAs

1296 CAs


All Mandal training centers



Training on IB to CRPs

90 CRPs



Sept’04 & Nov’04


Training on UNDP book keeping to BKs

140 BKs





Induction training to CVs

30 CVs





Training on VO Book keeping

33 MBKs





Training on SAP book keeping

30 MBKs





Training on VO Book keeping

62 MBKs





Role of support organization (APMAS, Myrada, GRAM, Dhan Foundation, etc.):


IKP-Warangal has been getting support in training the CCs/APMs and also it is providing technical support in the field through field visits and interactions with CBOs.  IKP is also organized convergence meetings with local NGOs for effective implementation of the project and also to avoid duplication of the activities.  In Warangal there are many number of NGOs working in different areas and in different activities.  All the NGOs called for a convergence workshop and had a good sharing of views in convergence in terms of activities and areas.


5.     Details of MTCs/TTDC:


All the 37 Mandals have established training centers (MTC) and also for MS offices.  There are 12 government buildings and 25 private buildings allotted for MSs.  The MTCs are provided with training equipments like TV, VCD, tape recorder with mike, pin boards, black boards etc.  The MTCs also provided with facilities like tables, carpets, chairs, wall clocks, racks, fans, store wells, telephone, etc. There are training modules like Swashakthi, Samruddhi, Sankalpa, PTM and few charts, training calendars, monthly planners in the MTCs.   


All the Mandal Training Coordinators are made in-charge for Mandal Training Centers.  All the Mandal Samakyas have prepared training calendars with the support of DPMU and displayed in the MTCs.  The Mandal level functionaries follow the calendar and conduct the trainings to the field functionaries and CBOs.


There are 2 TTDCs in the district. One is at District head quarters (Hasanparthy) and one is at Jangaon division catering the needs of residential training for functional staff and CBOs.


Recently, the MSs have requested to provide computers to their respective Mandals under Physical Productive Infrastructure.  Now, all the 37 Mandals have provided with a computer, printer and furniture.  The MS have given computers for computerization of MS accounts, SHG details and MIS.  And perhaps the same computer may be utilized for e-seva centers for providing service to the rural people.  The MSs has identified the computer operators and the training to the operators is in progress.  It is also planned to develop software for different purposes for the MSs for self-management.  And preliminary attempts are made with the different service providers like electricity, telephone, revenue departments etc.


6.     Micro Finance:


The CAs / BKs at village level are maintaining book keeping of the VOs and also the SHGs.  There are 1160 CAs in the DPMU mandals. They also see that every eligible SHG to be linked with bank after grading as per the NABARD guideline.  The CA will be taking care to train the SHGs and make them qualitative for bank linkage.  The practice of internal lending is maintained within the groups. 


All the SHGs are contributing Rs.50/- per month per group to the VOs and the members have taken membership from the VO with Rs.60/- only for once at the time of joining the VO.  The SHGs are started taking loans from the VOs, thereby the VOs are maintaining internal lending.  The SAP books are printed and supplied to the SHGs and VOs.  All the VOs and MSs have opened accounts in the banks. The MSs are paying honorarium for the social capital after reviewing their performance. Interface meetings are being arranged between the bankers and the SHGs. The CCs and APMs are attending the JMLBC meetings to strengthen the relations between the Bankers and CBOs. The SHGs are already maintaining books supplied by the DRDA/IKP.  The Mandal Samakya is also maintaining book keeping with the support of one of the MBK/MTC. 


Every bank is attached with a point person for effective linkage and recovery.  Now, the VO members are designating few members committee as bank point persons and the committee will be looking after the bank related issues.  A District Micro Finance Group is formed to support the book keeping system and preparation of modules to CAs/BKs and other micro finance related issues.


There are 30,150 groups in the entire district. 5370 fresh groups were linked with an amount of Rs. 11.47 crores, 8403 groups were renewed with an amount of Rs. 35.34 crores.  Thereby the total groups linked are 13,773 with an amount of Rs. 46.81 crores for the financial year 2004-05 as on 31-03-2005. 







Introduction of Book keeping systems in SHGs, VO, MS

23,000 SHG SAP book keeping books, 1032 VO books, 37 MS books were printed and supplied to the CBOs


Mobilizing the credit from banks Rs.55.11 crores to 15000 SHGs

As on 31st March’05 Rs.46.81 crores were mobilized to 13773 SHGs.


Sanction of CIF amounts Rs.1221.91 crores

In this Financial year Rs.918.23 crores were assisted to 11,850 Members. Total CIF assisted Rs.1331.53 crores assisted since inception of the project


Identification of VBKs

1180 VBKs were identified by VOs


Selection & Position of MBKs

In 37 mandals 149 MBKs were identified, trained and positioned


Formation of DMG Group

Dist.  Level Micro Finance group formed with 10 members as per the SERP Guidelines


7.     CIF, Livelihood Interventions and Value chains:


CIF process: As per the guidelines issued the process is being followed. The SPIA implements the sub-project, as planned.  On completing each milestone, SPIA submits milestone completion report and receives the next installment.  Self-monitoring by SPIA’s on a day-to-day basis, from grounding, implementation, to completion of the sub-project and continual monitoring by VO, MS, CAs, CCs, APMs, DPMU and occasional visitors ensures that the sub-project is completed satisfactorily.  In addition, there can be an external monitoring and quality control.  On completion of the sub-project, SPIA submits a report on the entire process, triggering joint evaluation by all the stakeholders, the cost of which is borne by the project.  Further, SPIA (VO) submits regular statements of the accounts and progress to DPMU.  All the books of accounts and records are maintained by the SPIAs as per the guidelines issued.


The major sectors, which are being attempted through the CIF are livestock development, milk processing unit, micro enterprises (BC action plan), leather artisan trainings and production units and collective procurement and marketing.  Among the above sectoral interventions the major achievement is in the sector of collective procurement and marketing.


NTFP–Neem procurement: The DPMU has facilitated to open 68 procurement centers (VOs) in 16 mandals, where the potential is high.  In Warangal already the VOs procured 12,290 quintals, worth of Rs.15 lakhs.  The DPMU generated the working days to about 3500 landless poor families in 16 mandals at an amount of @ Rs.1000/- to Rs.1500/- in 30 days. 


Collective Marketing:   The Vos and MSs are intervened in Collective marketing to avoid middlemen, to get right price, to get marketing skills, to get value addition to the products, etc.  The main idea behind this is to avoid the exploitation to the small and marginal farmers





Sale Qty



9105 qtls.

44.00 lakhs


48.00 Lakhs


2800 qtls.

40.76 lakhs

2800 qtls

43.40  Lakhs


2000 qtls.

10.00 lakhs

2000 qtls.

13.00  Lakhs


300 qtls.

4.80 lakhs

300 qtls.

6.00 Lakhs

Castor seeds:

1250 qtls

17.50 lakhs

1250 qtls.

20.00 Lakhs


350 qtls.

2.27 lakhs










IKP already initiated the innovative livelihoods/ untapped resources of NTFP like Pongamia and Lac cultivation, which will generate the incomes to the PoP and landless poor.  IKP is exploring the livelihoods through collective procurement and marketing tie-up with end users.  With this intervention the PoP will use the existing available resource and to understand need of the federation of the SHGs at VO level and Mandal level.  This influenced the surrounding markets for getting right price and protecting the poor from exploitation.


8.     Convergence with Line Departments:


MPDO is made chairman with the APM as convener for regular review of the IKP activities at Mandal level.  District level and mandal level workshops have been organized to explain the IKP concept and required guidance in the implementation of the project.  Regular liaison is being maintained with the Agriculture, Horticulture, Fisheries etc. departments and taking inputs in appraisal and implementation of sub-projects.  The APMs are also attending the JMLBC meetings for convergence with banks.




9.     Convergence with Panchayat Raj Institutions:


Rayaparthy, Maripeda and Kothaguda mandals are selected as PRI mandals.  The baseline survey is completed in Rayaparthi mandal. A workshop was conducted for the APMs, CCs, MPDOs, MPPs, MPTCs, Surpanches of Rayaparthy and Maripeda mandals to bring out the strategies in convergence. The APARD and SERP teams organized workshop with the local PRI members and PR department.  The DPO of Warangal and selected DPMs also attended the workshop. It is planned to give trainings to the DRPs.


10.                         Gender:


The gender position is vacant.  10 GReG members from VO/MS leaders were sent to 4 days workshop to Nizamabad along with one DRP.  An action plan is prepared by the GReG members to follow the issues related to Child labour, child marriages, etc.  The APMs/CCs are keenly observing/attending the gender issues in preparation of sub-projects.  The precautionary measures will be taken to reduce the drudgery to the women. 

11.                         Health and Nutrition:


The HN mandal are Tadwai (TPMU) and Kodakandla (DPMU).  There are 2 specialized CCs in these mandals @ 1 CC per mandal.  The CC in DPMU mandal conducted mandal level workshop, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), needs assessment, identification of Health Activists completed. There are 34 HAs in 32 VOs supporting the VOs and health sub-committees.  The CC is organizing one-day workshop and review for the HAs to improve their skills and attend the health issues in the villages timely.  The local doctors, ANMs from Primary Health Centres (PHC) and Anganwadi Workers (AWW) also called for the meeting for convergence and planning the activities to meet the health needs of the people. The convergence meetings with the district level and mandal level officials are completed in the HN mandals.

The CC has selected 6 villages and the focus is made to these villages to prepare as model villages and gradually the number of villages will be spread to other villages.  The 6 HAs from model villages, sub-committee members and CCs were sent to Jhamkhed, Maharastra for exposure visit. Now, all the VOs have health sub-committees and HAs are attending SHG meetings for taking health classes.  In the 6 model VOs the HAs and sub-committees are conducting fixed day health services with the convergence of ANM and AWW monthly once or twice.  The 6 model villages have also given with Health Risk Fund (HRF) of Rs. 60,000 to 1,25,000 for taking loan from the VOs for health problems.  The SHGs have also given their contribution to the sub-committees in addition to the HRF from IKP.  The total HRF release to the VOs is Rs.4.63 lakhs.



12.                         Disability:


Raghunathpally, Narmetta mandals (DPMU) and Eturnagararm mandal (TPMU) are identified as disable mandals. There are two specialized CCs in the DPMU mandals and one position is vacant in TPMU mandal due to non-availability of the candidate.  There are 647 PWDs and formed 26 groups in Raghunathpally mandal.  There are 746 PWDs and formed 15 groups in Narmetta mandal.  The Bank accounts are being opened for these groups. 14 PWDs were identified as kiosk operators for rural e-seva centers and 8 persons were trained at Satthupally.  Community Development Workers (6) were selected to DPMU mandals @ 3 per mandal.  The Mandal Vikalangula Samakya (MVS) have been formed and monthly review meetings are held at the MTC. MS OB is also attending the MVS EC meeting, which is held monthly once in MTCs. 


Project is also identifying the needs of the 85 severely disable persons and assisted with artificial limbs, crutches, wheel chairs in association with Jai Mahaveer Vikalangula Sahaya Samithi at Kolanpaka, Nalgonda district.


Previous year’s intervention progress in two Mandals are as follows:


·        Identified persons with Disability           :1448

·        No.of DAPs in the fold of SHG            :  912

·        No.of SHGs formed                             :  124

·        Balance DAPs to be covered                :  536


Major Activities Update :


1.      Capacity building of MS Staff:

a)      Orientation: 2 CC (Dis) and 4 general CCs of the Mandals are oriented on Disability component strategy at District level. 

b)      Exposure: Disability CCs and CDWs (6) have been sent to exposure to Ananthapur for deeper insights and learn on the experiences of other districts.  Apart from this the CCs are guided in the reviews by state and district team.

c)      Training on SHG concept, MCP, Book keeping and livelihood enhancement strategy has been organized for CCs and CDWs of disability mandals by IB & MF team at district.  The CCs and CDWs are exposed to CRP strategy on SHG training, MCP preparation etc. at the village level along with Ananthapur CRPs.



2.      Capacity building of CBOs:

a)      Training to SHG members on SHG concept, MCP preparation and book keeping has been given to 50 SHG groups.

b)      Orientation and training also given to the concerned VOs and MS EC members on Disability component specially convergence with VOs/ MS and MCP preparation.

c)      MVS have been formed and orientation has been given to the members and regular monthly review meetings have been going on.  The MS OB also joins the review meeting of MVS.


3.      CIF:

a)      Release of CIFs to the Groups has been done through the route of MCP as has been practiced for the rest of the groups.

b)      Till now, 35 MCPs have been prepared out of which 23 MCPs have been approved by VO/MS and sanctioned by DPMU.  The total amount released at the end of March’05 is Rs. 13.20 lakhs.  The grounding process is going on and it is completed in next fortnight.


4.      Aids & Appliances and certification camps:

Certification camps have been organized at Division head quarters, wherein 250 PWDs have been given certificates.  There are many more PWDs without certificate for whom MS/MVS is planning to organize camps at Mandal.


13.                         Finance: 

 Financial statement is in Annexure


14.                         ICT:


E-Seva centers (Rural Kiosks): One of the LA with background of computers is selected as anchorperson of the rural kiosk.  The 37 Mandal Samakyas (DPMU) have been selected the kiosk operators 2 from each mandal (one is a PWD and one woman).  They have fixed criteria for selection of candidates.  The candidate should be a member of SHG, have completed SSC, intermediate pass or fail.  One of the candidates should be a PWD preferably. The MSs identified 74 candidates respectively each two. 41 kiosk operators were given training on computer hardware, Linux operating system, Operating systems installation, and Internet concepts etc. in 6 days.  Now, 70 candidates are undergoing training for one month at TTDC, Hasanparthy.  They are trained in MS office, DTP, hardware etc.  They are very confident in handling the computers.


The MSs have sent the resolutions to the DPMU requesting to supply with computers, furniture and printer to computerize their accounting system, prepare project MIS reports, e-seva services to the people, etc.  They have requested to give technical support like trainings to the operators, computer installation, on-line services etc.  The committee is formed and procured computers and peripherals from reputed organizations.  The computers are placed in Mandal Training Centres of all the MSs.




15.                         Land:




The objective is to provide as many poor as possible, optimum physical and legal access to land and facilitate Land Development so that Land becomes a productive asset to the Poor enhancing their incomes and quality of Life.


1. Process to achieve the objective:


                                            I.      Government Land Access      -           Filling in gaps in the present

system of Land linkages of Government Lands.

                                         II.      Private Land Access              -           Through Land Purchase.          


2. Government Land Access:

      a)   Mandal level Committees have been formed in all the Mandals as per G.O.Ms.No. 1148, Survey of Government Lands and assigned lands is being conducted by the Revenue and Indira Kranthi Patham Officials to identify land problems.

b)      Out of 50 Mandals, Land Survey in 25 Mandals has been completed and the Data has been computerized.

c)      After completion of Survey, data will be analyzed and Land related Problems will be identified and action plan for solving the problems will be prepared in convergence with Revenue Department.


3.   Government Lands already accessed:

No. of                  Land Assigned

Beneficiaries               Extent.


a)         Assigned Land  1,73,313                      1,73,186

b)         Land Ceiling                    31,246                         36,798

c)         I.A. Act                             8,518                         23,772

d)         Land Purchase                   4,645                           6,068

e)         Tenancy Act                    16,211                         65,860

Total               :           2,38,934                      3,16,847


4.      Implementation of Action Plan:  Preliminary analysis of data of some Mandals shows that 10% of the beneficiaries have land related problems. At this rate about 24,000 Poor families have got land related problems. If the problems are solved 24,000 families will be benefited.


5.      Hurdles in Survey of Land:  Dearth of the Surveyors has come in the way of Survey of Land. There are 17 Vacancies of Surveyors in the District. Without the assistance of Surveyors Revenue Officers are not in a position to identify lands. Hence, the progress of Survey is slow. However action is being taken by mobilizing surveyors of other Mandals to needy Mandals.


6.      Access of Private Land:  Inventory Sub Process:  Village Organizations have identified an extent of 1054 Acres of Land for Purchase, in the District.


        Reconnaissance Sub Process:  Enquires by the women groups and CCs locally and with the Panchayat Secretary on the legal ownership and title of the land and also local rates has been completed in all cases.

v     Certification by Revenue & Other Officers:

1.The Mandal Revenue Officer has been addressed to produce title of the Land and Non – encumbrance certificate.

2.The Geologist to certify the water potential in respect of

I.D Lands.

3.The Agriculture Department for testing soil.

v     Inspection and negotiation of Lands by the Purchase Committee:

200 Acres of Land has been inspected by the Purchase Committee.

a)      Preparation and Submission of Sub-Project Proposals:

3 Sub-Project proposals have been submitted.

b)      Appraisal and approval of the Sub-Project Proposal:

3 Sub-Project proposals have been approved.

7. Appraisal:  the Sub-Projects have been got appraised.


8. Purchasing the Land:  An extent of 63-00 Acres of Land has been purchased at a cost of Rs. 36.00 Lakhs.


9.  Hurdles in Land Purchase:

·        The Lands identified by VO’s in some cases have no clear titles.

·        Ground Water Department is not in a position to cope up with the Survey for Water.

·        Reports from Revenue, Agriculture, Sub Registrar are being delayed due to work pressure.

·        Negotiations on prices of Land is taking long time due to non residence of land owners at the Villages.

Inspection of all lands by Purchase Committee is taking lot of time, since fixation of dates convenient to all officers has become difficult.


16.                         Youth Empowerment:

Project has identified 5 mandals Raghunathpally, Kodakandla, Narmetta, Sangem and Dharmasagar as youth promotion Mandals.  The Mandal Youth Coordinators have been selected and positioned @ 1 per Mandal. They have undergone training at Art of Living, Hyderabad.  They have formed youth groups and motivated already existing groups to continue the group activities like thrift, credit and participate in social activities.  So far, 230 youth groups formed and being strengthened by continuous motivation, meetings to divert them from anti-social evils to social development activities.  10 groups have given cricket kits as entry point activity.  The youth have participated in Shramadanam, blood donation camps, clean and green like programmes.  The youth also supporting in other activities like women SHG movement, f0rmation farmer groups, child labour eradication, participating in rallies, campaigns against child labour, child marriages, anti-liquor programmes, HIV/AIDS programmes, etc.    The Youth Coordinators will be supported with honorarium and they will coordinate with line departments for convergence with regard to livelihood enhancement, capacity building and other social activities.


17.                         Food Security (RCL):

Warangal is one of the backward districts and to add to this people have been experiencing drought conditions in majorities of the areas from last 4 years.  The problem has lead to migration and insecurity of food to the PoP families.  The government is supplying rice through PDS, but the quantity is insufficient and some times the PoP are not able to make use of the entitlement due to wage crisis.  In these circumstances, some families are not able to have full meals and some families are borrowing the rice from the local traders at higher price on interest basis.  Even if the cash payment is made the rate is much higher and they are not able to afford. During the meetings with VO/MS members the need is felt and requested for intervention to fill up the gap. 


As part of improving the Livelihoods of the BPL families, major activities are focused towards income generation keeping aside fulfilling the basic needs of the POP/POOR families such as food, health, housing, drinking water etc., with out which a family cannot function to the optimum level. Unless and until the basic needs are met, they cannot concentrate on improving their income levels. A healthy body with secured food needs gives a person a sort of confidence, hope and courage to work. Keeping in view the above factors in mind the field staff has interacted intensively with the individuals as well as groups (SHGs, VOs, MS) on the need and intervention strategy of the food security programme.


The following are the observations:


Rationale and reasons behind initiating the intervention:

·        Food cannot be postponed and hunger is equal every day where as income is not equal every day.

·        In peak seasons the labour get some income but lean seasons are more now a days than peak seasons.

·        During lean seasons they have to request for work, take loan and may have to fast for a meal or even a day, which causes to their bad health in due course.

·        Even if they earn money, get loan or credit, the cost of the rice is high, low quality and there will be malpractices in weighing.

·        In long run the food insecurity and low quality of food may hamper the health and efficiency to work.


Implementation Strategy:

·        Village Organization will be the implementing Agency and it will prepare the sub project basing on the Food insecurity assessment done for each BPL family with the help of the format suggested by DPMU. Requirement will be worked out SHG wise.

·        Initially the activity could be initiated in 4 Model Villages and 2-3 other needy villages in each mandal.

·        VO will take up the activity either through purchase of rice from wholesale rice millers or through paddy purchase, process it and supply to the needy families.

·        VO will decide the rate of rice to the SHG member based on the variety and procurement price at the villages concerned.

·        VO will distribute the quantity of rice required SHG wise and SHG in turn will distribute to the individual members. Thus SHG is basically responsible for distribution of rice and collection of amount.

·        VO will decide on the terms and conditions of repayment (normally it will be 3-4 installments depending on the quantum of rice and the economical background of the member).

·        VOs will formulate various implementation committees such as purchasing, distribution, repayment and monitoring.


Expected outcome of the activity:

·        Less cost of Rice

·        Good quality of Rice

·        No Weighing Mal Practices.

·        Rice Available at Door Steps.

·        Security of food irrespective of earning days.

·        Left over BPL families will form into S.H.G’s.

·        All S.H.G’s will take membership in V.O’s. Collectiveness will increase in the V.O Members.

·        CBO’s will be strengthened. SHG à V.O à M.S Relationship will get strong.

·        Entrepreneur skill will develop. More over attitude towards business will develop in V.O. and the V.O will start thinking towards welfare (Social activities) of the members.



·        After assessment of rice requirement to be purchased from open market for POP/POOR families, the VO will estimate the total funds required depending on the local rate (after enquiring at rice mills, whole sellers). Out of the total requirement the VO will prepare sub project and request for funds to the extent of gap funds i.e., amount already available with the VO (out of savings and other income) minus the total requirement will be the CIF amount.

·        All the financial transactions will be done during the VO EC meeting only

·        Book keeping should be done as per the prescribed books of accounts.

Rice Distribution Pattern:


V.O can think of margin in deciding the rate to be given to SHGs to meet the operational cost and marginal profit.                                                            


S.H.G is basically responsible for Indent, Distribution and Repayment to V.O.



Repayment pattern:


Repayment schedules will be worked out depending upon the member’s economical background. The no. of installments could be between 3 to 4. The first installment should be at the time of lifting rice and it should be atleast 20% to 25% of the purchased rice. 

1.      Child Labour:

The CCs/APMs are identifying the child labour in their jurisdictions and mobilizing them to persue regular schooling.  Duly enrolling them in RBCs and afterwards in Velugu schools.  Discussions and brainstorming is being done in the VO/MS meetings on child labour issues.  Specific care is being taken on child labours in implementation of sub-projects at every level.


2.     Monitoring & Learning:

Goals of M&L system:

To provide continuous feedback to the project management and other stake holders on the quality of project implementation to facilitate appropriate and timely decisions

To assess the outcomes and impact of the project vis-à-vis the objectives

Objectives of M&L System:

·        Provide a periodic measure of inputs and outputs

·        Monitor the process of conversion of inputs into outputs and identify factors critical for such conversion

·        Verify the project related assumptions

·        Provide an assessment of the pre-project situation

·        Assess the achievement of project objectives at different points of time

·        Facilitate regular management review, learning and adaptation

·        Identify the project strengths and weaknesses

Three types of monitoring systems are

1. Group Self Monitoring System

The central objective of group (CBOs) self-monitoring is to make the primary stakeholders an integral part of the M&L system.  The self-assessment would involve the use of learning tools by the groups to assess their own organizational capacity development as well as progress towards sustainable livelihoods. 

2.      Input-output monitoring

It is to track the performance of the project using mainly quantitative indicators at frequent intervals

3.      Process monitoring

The process monitoring is to understand how project inputs result in project outputs and identify issues critical to such conversion

To provide information necessary to the management to increase the effectiveness of the project in different areas.


The monthly MIS reports are collected from the CCs and APMs.  The reports are consolidated and sent to the SERP.  The MIS base registers are developed for the CCs, APMs and DPMs.  The base registers are finalized and the registers will be printed and issued to the CCs/APMs.  Presently, they are maintaining registers in the MTCs and updating them accordingly.   Recently, the MIS reports are put on-line and the data entry is going on and it is in trail basis. 


Process Monitoring:  The process monitoring team, Agriculture Finance Corporation from Hyderabad has come for second round visit to Warangal and selected two mandals for process monitoring.  The Mandals are Sangem and Thorrur. 


3.      Communication & Partnerships:

IKP monthly magazine ‘Orugallu Vikasam’ is coming out every month.  One community reporter has identified from each Mandal (37 reporters) and trained on documentation of the success stories. The selected and trained community reporters with the support of DPMU prepare the magazine. Press meetings also organized on each item twice every month. All India Radio programmes are being broadcasting every Friday on concepts and other developmental activities taken up by IKP.  The AIR team also taken to the villages for interviews with the community for recording and broadcasting success stories.  Four teams were formed with 68 members.  They have been trained as Kalajatha team depicting the IKP concept and theme.  So far the team has performed 168 programmes in entire the district.


Communication tools:  The magazine is prepared by the community reports (editorial board).  All India Radio programmes every week on Friday.  Every month press tours are organized with press persons for publishing success stories in the news papers, magazines, and relay in TV channels.  Press releases will be given to press on different success stories. 


4.      Environmental Aspects:

During the appraisal of the sub-project it is made compulsory to include one of the ERG members to assess the environmental impact with the grounding of the sub-project.  One exclusive LA (Environment) is selected and positioned in the DPMU.


5.     AWFP for the year 2005-06:

In order to ensure equitable distribution and to reach the poorest of the poor including tribals, CIF has been allocated accordingly mandal wise.  The details of various components of the sub-projects are also worked out.  The DPMU will allocate the CIF to Village Organizations (VOs) as per the district poverty document.  The CIF allocation per mandal in DPMU works out to at an average of Rs. 88 lakhs. Wherever disability pilots are chose, such mandals are allocated with Rs.44 lakhs for this purpose.


AWFP allocation for the year 2005-06




Income Generation


Social Development & Physical Infrastructure




Disability Pilots CIF