KHAMMAM (TPMU)

 

Sl. No.

Contents

1

HR

2

PIP

3

Institutional Building

4

Capacity Building, workshops, Exposure visits

5

Details of MTCs/TTDC

6

Micro Finance

7

CIF, Livelihood interventions and Value Chains

8

Convergence with LD & PRIs

10

Gender

11

Health & Nutrition

12

Disability

13

Finance

14

ICT

15

Land

16

Youth Empowerment

17

Tribal Development

18

RCL

19

Child labour

20

Monitoring & Learning

21

Communication & Partnerships.

22

Environmental Aspects

23

AWFP for the Year 2005-06

24

Best Practices/ success stories / challenges

25

SRM

26

Any other issues

27

Procurement

 

 

 


 

 

 

WORLD BANK SUPERVISION MISSION MAY 2005

STATUS NOTE OF TPMU (IKP), ITDA, BHADRACHALAM.

KHAMMAM DISTRICT

 

 

1.       INTRODUCTION:

 

The Indira Kranthi Patham-Bhadrachalam has come in existence in 2003 keeping in view of the backwardness of the people especially tribals in the 19 mandals out of the 29 mandals of Tribals sub plan area. The entire area lies in the tribals sub plan of Khammam district and is among the most backward and under developed areas in the state.

           

            Prior to the advent of Indira Kranthi Patham in these mandals, formation of Self Help Groups is in vogue and heterogeneous sections of the society were covered. Inspite of this, problems faced by the vulnerable people could not be addressed, as the issues are multidimensional. Hence IKP took up the task to mitigate the problems faced by the people who are below the poverty line and to work towards enabling the disadvantaged communities perceive possibilities for change and bring about change by exercising informed choices on equal footing.  The profile of the 19 Mandals, which are predominated by the tribals, is detailed bellow.

 

 

District Map Showing TPMU Mandals  

 

 

 

 

Most of the Tribals are mainly dependent on forest produce for their livelihood and they are also wage labourers. Their per capita income is very meagre, which shows their Poor economic condition.

 

            In order to improve their livelihoods and also to address their vulnerability a survey was done to identify the POP and Poor by way of Participatory Identification of Poor (PIP) in March 2003.

 

            The outcomes of PIP is as follows

 

Sl.No

 

Category

No of house holds

1

Poorest Of Poor

28915

2

Poor

72267

3

Not So Poor

49616

4

Not At all Poor

21354

Total

 

172152

 

Diagram Showing the Composition of Population

 

 

 

 

 

Text Box: Text Box:  
Project Officer Interacting with villagers in PIP survey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

Text Box: Text Box:  
 
Social Mapping in PIP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Text Box: Text Box:  
 
SHG Members Taking oath

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 2.   HUMAN RESOURCE:-

 

            After identifying POP and Poor there was an imperative need to strengthen them. Hence, the following staffs were deputed/recruited by the SERP/TPMUIKP Bhadrachalam.

Project  & Field Staff

 

Sl.No

Name of the Post

Sanctioned

Position

Vacant Posts

Action proposed for vacancies

1

Addl. Project Director

1

1

0

--

 

2

Asst. Project Director (Land)

1

1

0

--

 

3

DPM (IB&MF)

1

1

0

 

Five out of seven DPM posts are vacant and SERP is requested to fill the vacancies

4

DPM (NTFP)

1

0

1

5

DPM (Trg)

1

0

1

6

DPM (M&E)

1

1

0

7

DPM (L.H)

1

0

1

8

DPM (CIF)

1

0

1

9

DPM (Health& Educ)

1

0

1

10

APMs

10

10

0

11

L.As

10

10

0

12

CCs

47

47

0

13

Botanists

19

19

0

14

M.T.Cs

19

19

0

15

C.Fs

253

243

10

 

Office Staff

 

Sl No

Name of the Post

Sanctioned Strength

Working Strength

Vacant Posts

1

Office Manager

1

1

0

2

Asst. Accounts Officer

1

1

0

3

Accountant

1

1

0

4

Computer Operator.

2

2

0

5

Project Asst.

3

2

1

6

Monitoring & Learning Asst.

1

--

1

7

Drivers

2

1

2

8

Attenders

2

2

0

9

Watchmens

2

2

0

 

Trainings:-

 

 

            The above staff were also imparted trainings on Institution Building, Micro Finance by the resource persons of SERP and others.

 

Exposure Visits:-

            Besides the above, the staffs were also taken for exposure visits to places like MYRADA, kadiri Ananthapur District and SAPAP mandals Viz Pedavaduguru, Bukkaraya Samudram and Gandlapenta and also exposure visit to TPMU Rampachodavaram Mandala Samakyas. 

 

Challenges:-

            One of the challenging areas of the staff to cover the 8510.97 Sq KMs of the area of 19 mandals, which has difficult topographical terrain, added to this the transportation and the communication facilities are also very scarce.       

 

            To overcome the problem, each mandals is divided into clusters, which is a conglomeration of SHGs & V.Os of a particular area and headed by a community co ordinator who is in turn supported by a Master Book Keepers community Facilitators. Each mandal has one MTC, and MRPs for the purpose of giving training to CBOs.

 

3.      PARTICIPATORY IDENTIFICATION OF POOR (PIP) :-

 

Following is the data compiled on Poor & POP as per the survey done by way  of PIP

 

Sl No

Mandal Name

No. of      House Holds

POP House Holds

POP     %

POOR House Holds

POOR   %

Total POP and poor HHs

Total %

1

ASWAPURAM

8465

1161

13.71

2941

34.74

4102

48.45

2

BAYYARAM

9307

1443

15.5

3418

36.73

4861

52.23

3

BHADRACHALAM

17873

2794

15.63

8613

48.19

11407

63.82

4

BURGAMPAD

12314

1992

16.18

5667

46.02

7659

62.2

5

CHERLA

8364

1397

16.71

3456

41.32

4853

58.03

6

CHINTOOR

8748

1760

20.12

3130

35.78

4890

55.9

7

DUMMUGUDEM

11420

1970

17.25

5624

49.25

7594

66.5

8

GUNDALA

5730

1029

17.96

2681

46.79

3710

64.75

9

KUKKUNOOR

7371

1459

19.79

3792

51.44

5251

71.23

10

KUNAVARAM

6300

1143

18.15

2570

40.79

3713

58.94

11

MANUGURU

7936

1135

14.3

3568

44.96

4703

59.26

12

PINAPAKA

11003

2059

18.71

4263

38.74

6322

57.45

13

SINGARENI

11927

1385

11.61

4854

40.7

6239

52.31

14

TEKULAPALLI

10355

1992

19.24

3434

33.16

5426

52.4

15

V.R.PURAM

5917

1063

17.96

2354

39.79

3417

57.75

16

VELAIRPAD

5255

1009

19.2

2522

47.99

3531

67.19

17

VENKATAPURAM

7126

1219

17.11

3658

51.33

4877

68.44

18

WAZEEDU

5971

1376

23.04

2326

38.96

3702

62

19

YELLANDU

10770

1529

14.2

3396

31.53

4925

45.73

 

GRAND TOTAL

172152

28915

16.79%

72267

41.97%

101182

58.76%

 

 

            Based on the above data the following POP and Poor families were benefited under various Govt. schemes details below

 

Name of the scheme

No of families benefited

Deepam (Gas Stoves)

6248

I.A.Y. (Housing Scheme)

1503

Soukaryam (Cycles to School / College Girls)

1946

 

4.       INSTITUTIONAL BUILDINGS: -

 

            In the 19 mandals we have conducted PIP survey habitation wise covering total house holds (172152) and identified POP house holds (28915) and Poorhouse holds (72267). All the existing 6520 Self Help Groups were strengthened by giving training on capacity building. The left over poor and POP households were organized into 4361 new groups. Thus total 10881 SHGs are   existing now they are organized into 864 Village Organization (V.Os) and 19 Mandala Mahila Samakyas.

 

            Through the IKP We are striving to empower the communities to overcome all social, economic, cultural barriers through their self-managed intuitions and to accelerate their entry and expend their involvement in social and economic activities.

 
Social Capital :-
 
            In all the V.Os the selections of O.B and E.C have been done. So also in all 19 Mandals the O.B members, have been elected from the representatives of the concerned Village Organizations, i.e. President, Vice President, Secretary, Joint Secretary and Treasurer.           With regard to the registration of V.Os and MMS the process is being initiated.

 

Sl No

Organization

Social Capital

1

Mandal Samakya

  • Assistant Project Manager
  • Community Coordinators
  • Master Book Keepers
  • Mandal Training Coordinator
  • Mandal Resource Persons
  • Botanists
  • Mandal Samakya Executive Committee & Leaders

2

Cluster Federation or Village Organization

  • Community Facilitator
  • Village Botanist
  • Para Veterinary worker
  • VO Executive. Committee & Leaders

3

Self Help Groups

  • SHG Leaders
  • Book Keepers

 

 

Details of Existing and New S.H.Gs and Village Organizations

 

Sl No

Name of Mandal

Existing

New SHGs Formation

Total

V.O Formation

SHG's

Members

SHG's

Members

SHG's

Members

 

1

Aswapuram

329

3439

179

1793

508

5232

38

2

Bayyaram

365

3686

265

2659

630

6345

53

3

Bhadrachalam

582

7103

400

3007

982

10110

60

4

Burgampahad

606

6243

356

3571

962

9814

69

5

Charla

390

4121

156

1764

546

5885

39

6

Chintoor

370

4000

138

1385

508

5385

43

7

Dummugudem

368

3816

355

3564

723

7380

59

8

Gundala

136

1469

242

2420

378

3889

41

9

Kukunoor

149

1710

219

2190

368

3900

32

10

Kunavaram

355

3646

125

1250

480

4896

40

11

Manuguru

347

3645

243

2432

590

6077

45

12

Pinapaka

566

5750

206

2001

772

7751

63

13

Singareni

395

4136

250

2500

645

6636

47

14

Tekulapally

300

3186

174

1742

474

4928

41

15

V.R Puram

145

1315

214

2140

359

3455

32

16

Velairpadu

172

1790

207

2070

379

3860

32

17

Venkatapuram

415

4473

124

1240

539

5713

29

18

Wazeedu

256

2600

134

1340

390

3940

37

19

Yellandu

274

2992

374

3720

648

6712

64

 

TOTAL

6520

69120

4361

42788

10881

111908

864

 

 

 


 

 

Text Box:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

Text Box:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.       CAPACITY BUILDING, EXPOSUR VISITS, WORKSHOPS: -

 

A.EXPOSURE VISITS:

 

       i) EXPOSURE VISIT FOR MS OB and Staff

 

           70 Members (40 Mandala Samakya Office Bearers & 30 IKP Staff) from 8 mandals of APRPRP TPMU (IKP), ITDA, Bhadrachalam went for exposure visit to Pedavaduguru, Bukkaraya Samudram mandal of Ananthapuram District and visited SHGs V.Os & M.M.S and had interaction with them on their activities. This exposure visit helped in strengthening our SHGs, V.Os & MMS.  This gave them good exposure and strengthened their capacity.

 

ii) EXPOSURE VISIT FOR COMMUNITY FACILITATORS:

 

            Community facilitators  (50 members) went to  Myrada Project, Ananthapur Dist., from 28-01-05 to 03-02-05 for Exposure and training, which made them aware of S.H.G, V.O, and M.M.S concepts. Through this exposure the outcome expected is that community facilitators will train and strengthen her 30-40 S.H.Gs and 4-5 V.Os.  In addition to this, Book keeping, techniques and preparation of Micro Credit plan is also imparted in the training programme.  Another batch of 40 CFs and 10 field staff members had an Exposure visit to Rampachodavaram of East Godawari Dist., from 12-02-05 to 18-02-05.

 

iii) EXPOSURE VISIT for SHANDY MEMBERS TO UTNOOR:

 

            In Chintoor, V.R.Puram and Kunavaram mandal, Shandy centers are managed by the members of V.O and they are procuring some of the NTFP and agriculture commodities. In order to have a better marketing strategies and interventions a field visit to TPMU IKP, ITDA, Utnoor has been conducted on 12-02-2005 to 15-02-2005, with 28 VO members and 12 Botanists.

 

B.      Trainings (2004-2005)

1.         Trainings are given to 270 community resource persons on SHG Managements, roles and responsibilities, VO functioning and review meetings. 

2.         248 CFs are given orientation programme on Micro finance SHG concepts, their roles and responsibilities and their qualities.

3.         40 MBKS are given training on VO book keeping for 4 days.

4.         19 MTCs are given training on TOT and preparation of monthly training calendars for 2 days.

 

 

Training programes have been conducted to IKP functionaries Viz, CCs, APMs, L.As, Botanists, MRPs, MBKs, MTCs, CFs and C.B.O.s on capacity building and strengthening of skill and also preparation of Sub Projects at field level. So far 290 days training on various activities have been imparted to 3191 IKP functionaries at project level as well as at MVTC level in 76 Training modules.  The details are here under.

 

 

i) Staff Trainings

a) C.Cs Trainings

 

 

Sl

No

Name of the Training

No. Of days

No. Of participants Attended

1

Training on Participatory Identification of Poor (PIP)

8

43

2

Training on SHG concept

3

43

3

Training on SHG & V.O Concept

15

43

4

Work Shop on convergence of CFM

2

117

5

Training on PIP Documentation

2

45

6

Monthly meeting and PIP exercise BPL cross checking SSID code availability, Physical verification of Assets and latest position of LTR cases

1

44

7

Training Schedule Preparation

2

43

8

1st Batch training on SHG concept

7

32

9

2nd Batch training on SHG concept

7

27

10

Facilitation meeting to improve quality of new groups formation and SHGs divisional level with mandal team

2

47

11

2nd Batch module training

3

47

12

2nd Batch Module training

2

43

13

Training on LEAP and sub projects

1

53

14

Training on LEAP

1

40

15

Orientation training to newly appointed C.Cs

1

18

16

Training to all C.Cs on LEAP & Sub projects by Seethampeta Team

2

43

17

C.Cs monthly review cum training programme with PO/APD/DPMs

12

67

18

Exposure visit to SAPAP mandals

5

20

19

Training on goals objectives and criteria for good V.Os, SHGs, MMS

3

43

20

Training on MIS

2

45

 

Total:

81

903

 

           

 

            b) A.P.M.s Trainings

           

Sl

No

Name of the Training

No. Of days

No. Of participants Attended

1

Training on Participatory Identification of Poor

8

6

2

Training on SHG concept

3

6

3

Training on SHG & VO Concept

15

6

4

Training schedule Preparation

2

6

5

Orientation training to newly appointed APMs

1

4

6

Training to all APM on LEAP & sub projects by Seethampeta Team

2

10

7

Monthly review cum training programme with PO/APD/DPMs

12

10

8

Exposure visit to SAPAP mandals

5

6

9

Review meeting with PO/APD/DPMs

24

10

10

Training on MIS

2

10

11

Training on Book Keeping Standard Accounting Package organized by SERP at Hyderabad

5

8

 

Total:

79

82

 

            c) L.As Trainings

Sl

No

Name of the Training

No. Of days

No. Of participants Attended

1

Preparation of CIF sub projects

2

15

2

Orientation training to newly appointed L.As

1

15

3

Training to all L.As on LEAP & subprojects by Seethampeta team

2

15

4

Monthly review cum training programme with PO/APD/DPMs

12

10

5

Training on MIS

2

10

 

Total:

19

65

 

 

 

 

 

 

            d) Botanists Trainings      

           

Sl

No

Name of the Training

No. Of days

No. Of participants Attended

1

Preparation of CIF sub projects to mandal Botanists

2

20

2

Trainee Botanists sent to village for field test

2

18

3

Selection of training Botanists under IKP programme sent to villages for field work

7

20

4

Orientation training to newly trainee Botanists

3

18

5

Botanists training on Roles and Responsibilities

3

17

6

Training on NTFP sub project

3

20

7

Training on medicinal plants to Botanists

2

20

8

Botanists Exposure visit to Mahaboob nagar 

3

20

9

Preparation of Action plan for Mandal Botanists

1

21

 

Total

26

174

 

            e) MBKs, MTCs, MRPs Trainings

Sl

No

Name of the Training

No. Of days

No. Of participants Attended

1

Training to LEAP MRPs

1

35

2

2nd Batch Training for 1st batch LEAP MRPs

3

47

3

2nd Batch Module training for 2nd Batch LEAP MRPs

2

43

4

MYRADA Exposure visit to MBKs in Ananthapur District

6

38

5

Training on V.O Book Keeping for MBKs

4

38

6

MBKs Training on SHG Book keeping

2

38

7

MTCs Training on preparation of Training Calendar to MVTCs

2

19

8

Training on SHGs & V.O Book Keeping for 6 Batches

6 Batches

Mandal staff

9

Workshop for MRPs, LEAP, MRPs

2

117

10

Training on MIS

2

57

 

Total

30

432

 

            f) C.As, C.Fs Trainings

           

Sl

No

Name of the Training

No. Of days

No. Of participants Attended

1

Training on SHG & VO concept and C.F Roles and Responsibilities

4

124

2

C.As training on Roles and Responsibilities and SHG concept

5

127

3

Training on V.O concept, SHG & Book Keeping

4

120

4

Training on SHGs & VO concept and C.FsRoles and Responsibilities

6 Batches

Mandal Staff

5

CFs Exposure visit to Rampa Chowdavaram on SHGs, V.Os, MS activities

2

72

6

TOT for C.Fs (SHG Concept)

2

72

 

Total:

23

515

 

            g) Other Trainings

            Sl

No

Name of the Training

No. Of days

No. Of participants Attended

1.

Workshop for DFOs. DRLPs GCC, VSS chairman on convergence of CFM

2

117

2

Meeting with Grama sarpanches, MPPs APTCs at divisional head quarters to create awareness on IKPs programme

1

72

3

MLAs, MPPs ZPTCs conference on IKP awareness programme

1

72

4

Orientation workshop through Dairy farmers by Basics in Collaborations with Indian Immunological and Telugu

 

 

5

Meeting with MLAs, MPPs ZPTCs on IKP activities in Sudimalla Yellandu

1

90

6

Conducted facilitation meeting at Bhadrachalam, Yellandu to improve quality of new groups formation and SHGs Divisional level with Mandal team consists of MPDOs, EO (DWACRA)

2

47

7

Exposure Visit to Punukula Village on IPM for community farmers

1

65

 

Total

8

463

 

 

ii) CBOs Training:          

Sl

No

Name of the Training

No. Of days

No. Of participants Attended

1

Aswapuram, Burgampahad, Singareni and Yellandu MS OB members Exposure visit to SAPAP Mandals

5

20

2

 Gundala, Charla, Kunavaram and V.R.Puram MS OB members Exposure visit to SAPAP Mandals

5

20

3

Shandy Members Exposure visit to Utnoor (NTFP and Marketing interventions)

4

65

4

Training on Roles and Responsibilities of MS OB in all 19 mandals

2

57

5

Video Conference at Khammam organized by SERP Hyderabad

1

57

6

Training on VO concept and Roles and Responsibilities for VO OB members

3

43

7

Training on VO Concept and MMS Concept for VO OB

3

43

8

Training on SHG Concept, Book Keeping and Roles and Responsibilities of CRPs

1

252

 

Total

24

557

 

C).Village Organizations Resource Teams (VORT):

                        8 Village Organizations Resource Teams from Ananthapur District were inducted in 4 mandals i.e. Aswapuram, Charla, Chintoor and V.R. Puram in January 2005 for of 36 days to strengthen the capacity Building of SHGs and V.Os on items such as meeting process, roles and responsibilities of V.Os O.B & E.C members, Book keeping, SHG norms financial management, coverage of Left over Poor and revival of defunct groups etc. The impact of VORT on SHGs played a significant role in changing the attitude of the members and also to emulate them to reach the standards of A grade groups.

 

D). Outcomes & Outputs Achieved

        54 SHGs are conducting Weekly meetings

        17 New SHGs have been formed with 167 leftover POP & POOR Households where as, 321 SHGs are formed with 3248 members in all the 19 mandals.

        Micro Credit Plan prepared for 55 groups, and Rs.18.16 Lakhs

        Sanctioned through CIF.

        124 Book Keepers have identified and trained.

25 defunct groups are being revived.

        15 Physically handicapped groups have been

        Formed with 255 members

        20 V.Os trained on VO Objective Management and Meeting

        Process

        20 V.Os introduced VO Book Keeping

        20 V.Os adopted monthly VO Meeting with fixed agenda.

        5 VO Office have been established.

 

E). NON PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT (N.P.M):

 

In the farming sector, most of the practices that are being followed by the farmers are not yielding any remuneration as the cost of the preventive measures such as pesticides, insecticides and fertilizers are expensive and the farmer have to incur lot of expenditure to meet the costs. Ultimately he is not getting commensurate returns; secondly the effect of using such chemicals is very much reflected on health of the farmer. In order to make cost effective, the Non Pesticide Management is given thrust, which would make the crop to have better yield and better quality and better returns.

            Hence IKP took up this intervention and mobilized 120 farmers and took them to field exposure to Punukula village, where the model plot is developed by SECURE an NGO. This type of exposure will make them to believe the importance of the NPM and they are further facilitated to put in practice during the season. The NPM is now being implemented in Bhadrachalam and V.R.Puram mandals covering an area of 400 acres belonging to 200 farmers.

Text Box: Text Box: Sri  K. Raju    
 I.A.S
Principal Secretary to Government  Rural Development is observing cotton crop raised through NPM at Punukula Village

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Text Box: Text Box: A view of the farmers and staff on exposure visit to Punukula Village

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F). Workshops:-

 

i) Rythu Sadassu

           

Rythu sadassu were organized for the benefit of the farmers in all the 19 Mandals for a period of 20 Days programme covering all Villages and Hamlets.

ii) Cashew Production & Protection

The main objective to conduct workshop is to educate the members of V.Os who have taken up the Cashew Plantation and to make the farmers aware of the procedures involved in the various stages of Plantation and to safeguard them from Pests and diseases. 200 V.O members and farmers were participated.

iii) TB Awareness Camp

Conducted TB camps in 5 mandals to bring awareness, which is highly contagious and also to identify Patients for better treatment for referral cases by the community. 

G). Review Meetings:-

            During the Year 2004-05 field staff review meetings were conducted   with Project Officer / Addl. Project Director / DPMs at Head Quarter level.

        24 Days APMs review meetings 

        12 Days C.Cs review meetings

        12 Days Botanists review meetings

        2 Days MBKs review meetings

        2 Days MTCs review meetings

        2 Days CFs review meetings

 

6.       DETAILS OF M.T.Cs: -

 

(19) MVTCs are functioning in each Mandal, and are located in Government buildings except in Singareni Tekulapally, Burgampahad, Pinapaka and Gundala where they are located in private buildings.

 

Sl No

ITEM

Description / Nos

1

No.of Mandals where MVTCs established

19

2

No.of Mandal Training Coordinators positioned

19

3

Government buildings / Rented buildings

14/5

4

Training Hall with Toilets

No

5

Television Set

Yes

6

C.D cum Video Cassette player

Yes

7

Tape recorder

Yes

8

Telephone (without STD)

No

9

White Board & Markers

Yes

10

Carpets

Yes

11

Working Table and Chairs

Yes

12

No.of Mandal where Computers are made available

19

13

No.of Mandals where MVTC Annual Training Calendar prepared and in

19

14

No.of Mandals where catering arrangements made through SHG

No

15

No.of Mandals where Training modules and Charts are made available (Swashakthi & Samrudhi Modules)

19

 

7.   MICRO FINANCE: -

 

CIF:-

The details of CIF under various categories are given in detail separately 

 

Bank Linkage:

In the year 2004-05 total 5730 groups have been linked to banks under SHG Bank linkage programme with an outlay of Rs.1230.93 Lakhs covering 57,300 SHG members.

 

Revolving Fund:

During the year 2004-05 an amount of Rs.88.70 Lakhs has been Sanctioned to 887 groups.

 

S.G.S.Y:

During 2004-05 total 476 beneficiaries have been benefited with an Financial outlay of Rs.89.41 Lakhs.

 

The amount released by way of CIF and Micro finance including Bank

Linkage is Rs. 22.12 Crores in 19 mandals, which on an average every mandal has received more than Rs. 1.00 Crore (approx). All efforts are made to improve bank linkage and provide additional CIF to the 6 mandals with less than Rs. 1.00 Crore allocations in 2004 05.

            The details of Bank linkages of each mandal is shown in the next page   

 

Text Box:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Role of MBKs :-

 

 

Recovery

            The V.Os and SHGs recovery Percentage of internal lending and CIF and Bank linkages is 95 % 

 

Audit

            The audit for the Year 2004-05 will be taken up in 2005 and the auditors are being empanelled.

Book Keeping

        In all 19 mandals 4615 SHG Book Keepers were identified among the SHG members.

        SHGs are maintaining Books of Account such as, Cash Book, Loan Ledger, General Ledger, individual Pass Book and Bank Pass Book and also minutes book.

 

8.       COMMUNITY INVESTMENT FUND: -

CIF Process Followed

During the year 2004-2005, The TPMU IKP has confined to 1/3 focus area of a mandal for release of CIF. The V.Os and SHGs present in the focus area are given training on Micro Credit Plan to prioritize their needs as per their requirements. The SHGs prepare their Micro Credit Plan keeping in view of the members who are Below Poverty Line and necessary care has also been taken to give priority to the poorest of the poor for their Proposal on Income Generating Activities by passing a resolution.

 

            The community will raise the sub project proposal based on outcomes of the M.C.P, and the line departments/ local bodies will endorse the appraisal. After that it will be sent to the MMS for approval and then MMS will recommend to TPMU-IKP for approval for release of funds along with memorandum of understanding. As per Budget allocated to them the subproject are approved by the T.P.M.U and funds are released to MMS, The MMS has to submit utilization certificate to TPMU. The funds given from the TPMU-IKP is a grant to MMS where as MMS gives to V.Os SHG and members in the form of loan for their financial and institutional sustainability, as their turnover increases over a period of time.

 

Sub Project related Analysis: -

            In the year 2004-05 TPMU-IKP Bhadrachalam has sanctioned 1157 sub projects with an outlay of Rs. 803.35 Lakhs for various activities to uplift the livelihood of Poor. Sector wise data is appended below

Sl.No

Activity

No Of SPs Sanctioned

Percentage

1

Agri. Inputs/ Procurement

27

2.33

2

Basket Making

04

0.34

3

Tailoring Units

11

0.95

4

Dairy &Plow Bullocks

191

16.51

5

Comprehensive (Dhobi, Barber, Chappal Shop, Veg. Vendor etc.)

256

22.13

6

NTFPs Adda Leafs

75

6.48

7

Housing Construction loan

33

2.85

8

Kirana Shops

11

0.95

9

Agri Cultivation

43

3.72

10

Trolly Auto

10

0.86

11

Others

496

42.88

 

Total:

1157

100

 

  

Basing on the above, an analysis has been made in terms of percentage of Sub Projects sanctioned. The outcome of the analysis is that major

Sector is Dairy & Plow bullocks.

Innovative Ideas:-

 

            Some of the innovative Sub Projects were taken up in the year 2004 2005.

 

a)      Nutrition Food to Konda Reddys (PTG)

The Chaintanya GS E.D Pally village of Chintoor Mandal took initiative to prepare and supply Nutrition food to the primitive Tribal groups i.e. Konda Reddy with working capital of Rs. 57,000/-. Nutritional diet is prepared and packed in packets of 100 gms and it is supplied to Konda Reddys who will be visiting the plain area on Shandy days. By this intervention the Nutrition content for Konda Reddy is enhanced.

b)      Chilli Powder Making

Tribal women in Dummugudem mandal has supplied 32 Qts Chilli powder to Ashram Schools of ITDA, Bhadrachalam and earned profit of Rs. 19,000/- by making this intervention good quality and quantity maintained without any adulteration, and the item is supplied for the benefit of Ashram Schools, ITDA.

 

c)      Vermi Compost

The poor S.C women in Charla Mandal have learned Vermi Compost making from Anthwa, but they dont have financial support to start this unit, which they got from IKP (Velugu), and prepared 40 Qts of Vermi Compost. For this Velugu provided forward Linkage by tying up with big farmers. With initial capital of Rs. 4000/- and made a turnover of Rs. 16,000/- in a year.

d)      Bulk Cooler

Dummugudem, Burgampahad, Bhadrachalam poor women received Buffaloes as loan from IKP in order to provide them forward linkage. The women themselves decided to have a bulk Cooler with support of IKP to market their milk with minimum support price 1000 members are share holders of it and managing it successfully.

 

 

 Monitoring System Setup

                      IKP is having a separate Monitoring system setup right from S.H.G.s to V.Os, and M.M.S.  In V.Os after the MCP and subproject generation one monitoring committee called Social Action Committee will be selected with in the VO to monitor the regular activities along with sub project related activities like grounding of sub project follow up of subproject and repayments. One C.F will be attached to V.O to conduct regular activities along with Book Keeping. At mandal level cluster C.Cs, M.M.S O.B are associated to V.Os to give beneficiaries necessary resource support and Asst. Project Manager, Livelihood Associates will also participate in the grounding. There livelihood Associates will verify the Sub project grounding status, will give report to T.P.M.U from time to time. The C.C will ensure for proper conduct of activities of SHG such as regular meetings, Book Keeping, recoveries etc.,

 Documentation:-

            A resolution will be made in the V.O meeting basing on the Micro Plans submitted by the SHGs for prioritization of CIF. Documentation process in community Investment Fund are Community proposal, which is generated from Community a brief summary given by the Cluster Community Coordinator and Appraisal sheet from a group of appraisers about the feasibility and sustainability of the sub project. Sub Project may be approved from T.P.M.U and proceeding order to release the funds will be issued. After grounding of S.P, M.O.Us and U.Cs will be given to T.P.M.U.

 

New Livelihood Interventions

 

            TPMU-IKP- Bhadrachalam is having 10 livelihood Associates team and are trained in Livelihood Specialists like Dairy / Live Stocks, Marketing, Construction, Jobs and Partnerships, which are the major livelihoods supportive in tribal area of Bhadrachalam.

            With this specialized team the Mandala Mahila Samakyas of TPMU, Bhadrachalam are taking new Livelihood Interventions, like Bamboo Basket making, Chappal Making, training on Animal Management and Health care, modern cultivation methods and market information, about commodities (Agrl) and also the Livelihood interventions like Pottery, Chalks and Candle Making training and financial support.

 

            Majority of the tribals depend on Forest produce and collection of such produce with the technical support of IKP the tribals are trained on Collection methods, Harvesting, grading of items, regeneration and storage.

 

Marketing Interventions and Some of the achievements

           

            Through 119 NTFP procurement centers with a working capital of 44 Lakhs the Village organization are procured 102 Lakhs worth of NTFP and Agri Commodities during 2004-05. The Village Organization earned Rs. 5.50 Lakhs as a direct profit around Rs.10 Lakhs as a indirect profit to the NTFP collectors because of proper weighment and correct rates which is one of the main objectives of IKP. In 2004-05 around 700000 KGs of NTFP and Agri Products are procured. Each NTFP Collector earned minimum Rs.4000/- as additional income per annual income in addition to their regular income.

            The IKP has made marketing intervention in GCC monopoly items such as Cleaning nuts, Nuxvomica, Mohwa flower, Mohwa Seed, Hill Bromes .Due to this the NTFP collectors are benefited of Rs. 6 / Kg in Cleaning nuts, Rs. 3/- Kg   in Nuxvomica, Rs. 1/ kg in Mohwa Flower, RS 1 /Kg in  Mohwa Seed and Rs.6/- Bundle in Hill Bromes.

 

9.         HEALTH AND NUTRITION

 

Medical Camps in remote tribal Villages:

 

            The medical and Health services in Tribal Areas are found wanting and far from satisfactory. In order to reach maximum people and provide specialized services to the tribals in remote areas it has been decided to organize medical camps in all mandals in the Tribal Sub-Plan area in (3) months i.e. from January 2005 to April 2005. To organize the medical camps it was decided to entrust the Mandal Mahila Samakyas to organize these camps, as the Samakyas are community based organization and they are functioning as Non- Governmental Organizations.

 

        27 special medical camps for T.B, Eye and Gynaec / Paediatric conducted from December 2004 to March 2005 covering 702 villages.

        20047 patients attended and 1907 cases identified for referral treatment.

        525 cases referred for cataract operations.

        998 for spectacles.

        51 new T.B cases and 51 gynaec cases

Text Box: Text Box: Inauguration of Eye Camp at Pinapaka by the Honble M.L.A.
Burgampahad
Text Box: MOBILIZATION
Patients alighting
from the tractor
to attend medical camp at Chintoor
Text Box: Patients at Registration counter at the Medical TB Camp 

Text Box:

Text Box:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Text Box: Text Box: Patients at registration counter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

        IOL Camps and Spectacles: 335 cataract operations were conducted successfully and 610 spectacles provided for school children and elders.

 

        Health and Nutrition : For 1112 S.S.C students who are preparing for  Final Examinations,  Milk & Bread was  supplied as additional nutrition.

The I.K.P has sanctioned Rs.51,500/- to 103 women, who underwent family planning operations with more than 2 children. Since, these women are not covered under National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS).

 

Social Development: -

 

        R.B.C dress material : Provided Dress Material to 1286 students worth of Rs.42,656 to the students who are studying in the Residential Bridge School in Chintoor, Kunavaram and V.R.Puram Mandals.

        Akshara Bharathi : Provided  an amount of Rs. 60,255/- to the Velairpadu Mandal for Black boards, Carpets, Lights to the Akshara Bharathi Centers through IKP Mandala Samakyas.

Distribution of Rice to Fire Accident Victims

 

Text Box:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 OTHER ACHIVEMENTS

Referral Transport System (Matha Sishu Rakshak) :   

The MMS Chintoor, Kunavaram and V.R.Puram mandals have resolved to manage an ambulance given by the Department of Family Welfare, Hyderabad to take care of the patients especially Pregnant women and children for emergency purpose to ameliorate the deaths of women and children in places where there is no proper transportation and medical facilities. This project under APERP is taken up by the MMS as a pilot project in the entire state.

 

10.     DISABILITY:

IKP has identified persons with disability with special reference to Charla Mandal as pilot programme as follows.

Physically Handicapped persons                       -           255

Visually Handicapped persons                          -           46

Dumb & Deaf                                                  -           102

Mentally disorder persons                                 -           16

                                                Total               -           419     

 

  So far, 15 Physically Disabled SHGs have been formed and they are also been provided with the assets like refrigerators, Textiles, Tailoring machines and grinders etc. worth of Rs. 10,45,000/- Covered 82 beneficiaries and 13 SHGs.

 

Sl. No

Activity

CIF Amount

No Of Beneficiaries

SHGs Covered

1

Comprehensive

910000

71

11

2

Dairy

75000

6

1

3

Agri. Inputs

60000

5

1

 

Total:

1045000

82

13

 

A certification camp is also been planned during the month of May 2005 to provide necessary certification to the disabled persons and also to provide rectification and assertive devises during the camp.

 

 

11.     Finance System

 

            The funding agency of TPMU-IKP is SERP. The SHGs, V.Os, MMS present in the TPMU will get funds from different sources like Banks, DRDA, S.C corporation, B.C Corporation, ITDA and others N.G.Os. The funds given to TPMU-IKP are a grant to MMS where as MMS gives to V.Os, SHGs to members in the form of loan for their financial upliftment. The major heads in the financial system of TPMU IKP are Project Management, CIF, Institutional and Capacity Building, regular weekly expenditure statement will sent to SERP and Project Office and the same will be furnished to the District Collectors Office. The CIF will be released to the MMS accounts on MOU and it will be adjusted after the submission of utilization certificates.

            The entries will be made in the books of Accounts like General Ledger, Loan Ledger, Cash book etc. the same will be furnished in the minutes book.

CIF:

            In the Year 2004-05 TPMU-IKP Bhadrachalam has sanctioned 1157 subprojects under various heads like Social, Infrastructure, Income Generating activities, Land according to the Budget allocation from SERP.. According to the needs specified in the mandals the Project Office will do the allocation.

            In CIF process, community will raise the Sub Project based on the needs and priorities depicted in MCP. After the finalization at VO level it will be sent to the MMS for approval where community coordinator will add a brief summary about the sub project Economic Viability and institution (V.O) capacities to manage the S.P along with memorandum of understanding. MMS will recommend to TPMU-IKP. As per budget allocated to MMS depends upon the POP, Poor Population, number of SHGs and V.Os the Sub project may be approved and CIF is released to MMS.

 Beneficiaries Contribution

           

            In order to make the beneficiaries accountable the beneficiary contribution system is adopted at SERP level and the same will be followed in all CIF SPs. Usually the percentage collected from beneficiaries for giving them financial assistance is 10% but depends upon the type of sub project TPMU and MMS is having the flexibility to increase or decrease Beneficiary contribution. In social subproject 15 % Beneficiary contribution will be collected where as in Infrastructure Sub projects, beneficiaries have a flexibility to pay 10% in cash or 5% in cash and 5% in kind MMS may collect more than 10% if the beneficiaries are willing to take more responsibilities. This process made them active participates in grounding.

Bank Linkages for CIF

 

            Bank linkage eligibility criteria followed in SHGs are regular thrift, continuous meetings, loan repayment with out fail, and maintenance of books of Accounts. But the SHGs who are getting CIF have already taken Bank Linkage to uplift their livelihoods. As per the guidelines of SERP 50% will be in the form of CIF and the rest 10% the beneficiaries own contribution and 40% with the convergence of Banks. But bankers are not coming forward as they are given loans to SHGs before sanctioning of CIF.

Audit

 

            The super check of accounts of TPMU at Project Office level, the Auditors are appointed by the SERP and they come Audit once in 2 months, secondly the Auditors Accountant general visit the TPMU once in a year. So far 2 external Audits were completed and the Auditors gave their findings for which TPMU have furnished action taken report as per the finding.

            TPMU now planning to have team of internal Auditors to have a check at mandal level activities and books of accounts. TPMU is planning to train APMs, C.Cs and MBKs in Auditing skills, which makes maintenance of books of accounts in a systematic approach.

            SERP, which is funding agency conducted department Audit once at TPMU.

Utilization Certificate

 

            A resolution will be made in the V.O meeting and community proposal will be prepared, a brief summary of community Coordinator and appraisers will endorse sheet and along with memorandum of understanding a subproject will be commended by MMS and sent to TPMU. It approved sanction proceedings will be issued for release of funds with the supervision and close monitoring of IKP staff and mandal Samakya the sub project may be grounded as per the milestones. After successful completion of grounding by Village Organization to MS will furnishe the U.Cs to Project Office.

 

 

Advances

 

            During the Year 2004-05, as per the instructions of funding agency i.e. SERP, TPMU has released advances to the mandal Samakya. Quarterly budgets were prepared depends upon the needs of mandal Samakyas and head wise budget was released to them. The main heads are trainings CIF. In CIF the allocation to them in heads like food Security, I.G.A and Health Risk Funds. After the approval of subprojects, as per proceeding the amount may be drawn from concern banks by MMS to respective V.Os the fund may be flowed. After successful completion of grounding V.O and MMS will give utilization certificates as adjustments to advances and training to make use of advances given to them for which IKP staff are supporting proper documentation.

CIF SPs

            To prepare CIF SPs, mandal team will visit the villages, stay with the village organizations and have a meeting on the Lively hoods of poor, lean period their requirements, gaps in existing livelihoods mitigations from their point of view and opportunities identified to enhance their income are thoroughly discussed among villages and they will prepare Micro Credit Plan accordingly which gives a s scope to raise CIF SPs. Depends upon the gaps identified the Sub Projects will be made according to priority basis. Some gaps may be fulfilled through line department convergence.

            In CIF SPs TPMU releasing Sub Projects under different heads like

 

So far 60 Sub projects were given under Social head by benefiting 8207 members of 202 groups and in IGA head 714 Sub projects were given by benefiting 16747 members of 4018 SHGs under Food Security 322 sub projects were given by giving benefits to the 20021 members of 2335 SHGs. in Physical infrastructure the Poor tribals who are not having storage facility to the commodities produced and collected by them, 12 Godowns have been sanctioned. Under land development sub projects 1084 SPs were given to 38481 land cultivators which will make this yield to improve and remunerative.

 

12.     Land Development:-

 

An extent of 4017.37 acres of land is proposed for development during the year 2004-05 and an amount of RS.1.05 Crore has been sanctioned for land development i.e., Bush clearance, Land leveling, reclamation etc. After completion of land leveling, irrigation facilities and plantation are also planned.   The details are shown below.

 

Nature of Work

Estimated Cost

Total            (Rs in Lks)

IKP            (Rs in Lks)

ITDA       (Rs in Lks)

ITC       (Rs in Lks)

Land Development

65.94 Lks

39.46

---

 

105.4

 

Irrigation

77.87

110.37

---

188.24

Mango

7.10

4.10

---

   11.2

Cashew

5.04

5.24

---

   10.28

Eucalyptus

 

 

37.42

37.42

GRAND TOTAL

155.95

159.17

37.42

352.54

 

The following outcomes are expected from Land Development under IGA.

 

Sl.No

Extent

No.of

ST families Benefited

Crop

Yield   per Acre

Returns (in Rs)

Gross

Net

1

1204

744

Paddy

25 Bags

10000

8000

2

1200

540

Pulses

5 Quts

6000

5000

3

171

145

Mango

2 Tonns

30000

20000

4

164

75

Cashew

250 Kgs

8750

7500

5

1265

465

Eucalyptus

30 Tonns

42000

24940

Total:

4004

1969

 

 

 

 

 

Land Purchase Scheme (2004-05)

An extent of 391.6 Acres of land in TPMU, Bhadrachalam has been proposed for purchase under land purchase scheme. Out of which 27.60 Acres of land in Jeediguppa (Village) of V.R. Puram (Mandal) has been purchased and registered in favour of 22 ST beneficiaries. An extent 66 Acres of land is placed before purchase committee on may 5th 2005, for finalization of market value. Sub-Division work is under process is 112 acres.

22 ST families who are benefited under Land Purchase Scheme during 2004-05 are cultivating commercial crops i.e. Pulses and Chilly. They will gain Rs. 6000/-to Rs. 15,000/-per acre   by cultivating pulses and chilly.  

         Further an extent of 742 acres of wet land and 3840 acres of dry Land    belongs   to endowment dept. under cultivation by tribal tenants are kept   pending in ITDA, Bhadrachalam since long for want of budget. More than 1000 acres of wetland have been identified for purchase under Land purchase scheme. And the same is proposed for purchase during the year 2005-06.

            More than 1000 ST families will be benefited under Land Purchase scheme during 2005-2006. It is expected to enhance their income at least Rs. 10,000/- to Rs. 15,000/- to eke out their livelihoods.

Convergence with line departments

            The revenue and Velugu/IKP have been worked in close Co- ordination and achieving the following issues.

        An extent of 6629.41 acres of land has been identified for regularization of eligible encroachers/ assignment to the eligible landless tribals. Out of which an extent 2772 acres of lands have been assigned to 1221 eligible landless poor tribal (or eligible encroachers)

        An extent of 3857 Acres of land has to be distributed. Sub division work in under process in the above land. It is proposed to distribute the above land to the eligible landless poor on the eve of Independent day i.e.15-08-2005.

        18 candidates have been sent to survey training. After completion of their   training they have engage for identification of fields/preparation of land inventory / sub-division work in to be distributed lands.

         Kothagudem division is selected to settle all types of land issues. Action plan with time line is also prepared and sub-division work is also going on in lands which have already assigned but physical possession not handed over.

 

13.     Rice Credit Line:-

 

            The Rice Credit Line is a scheme, which is meant for ensuring food security for the people who are living below the poverty line.

 

            The scheme envisages to provide rice on credit to the poor during distress period.  Majority of the tribal are agriculture labours and depend on day-to-day wages.  During lean season and adverse seasonal conditions, they are deprived of sufficient food.  By providing rice on credit at the village units through Rice Credit Line the poor can have their food without stretching their hands else where for food or loans.  This gives them a kind of security in their minds and also self-sufficiency. 

 

Process:

 

        V.Os have been identified where the majority of the POP and Poor are existing

        Family wise survey was done by the V.O in the V.O village and ascertained the additional rice requirement of each family so also the rice allotted to them through Ration card

        Finally the V.O access the rice requirement of the village and prepare  budget which includes transportation, labour, and miscellaneous expenditure

        10% beneficiaries contribution is collected

        V.Os have formed into committees for Rice Credit Line i.e. purchase committee, distribution committee, monitoring Committee and recover committee.

        All these committees are working effectively

Model survey format: -

 

Sl.No

Name

W/o

No of Family Members

Rice required in a month (Kg)

Ration Card Rice Available (Kg)

Own Rice Available (Kg)

Required Rice from RCL

BC

CIF Loan Amount

1

P Padma

Ramu

5

50

20

10

20

10%

90%

 

 

Text Box:

 

         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Sanctioning:

          The Mandala Samakya on receiving RCL proposals from V.Os, verify the details and then decides for sanctioning of the proposal. Each V.O maintains separate registers for RCL like Stock registers, receipt and vouchers.

 

            The Honble Chief Minister Dr. Y. S. Raja Shekhar Reddy has inaugurated Rice Credit Line during Rajive Paallebata in the Month of October 2004.

            So far 692 Households of 22 V.Os are benefited with an outlay of 2.81 Lakhs

Collective Purchase of Domestic Consumer Items

            In 42 V.Os the collective Purchase centers have been sanctioned with an outlay of 127 Lakhs covering 25,400 families

 

Grain Bank:

            Grain Bank is a central sector scheme in tribal villages to take measures for prevention against deaths of children in remote and backward tribal areas.

                  Each family is provided with 2 quintals of rice as one time grant.  The tribals can make use of this facility during the time of drought or lean period when do not have labour work so that they can over come hard days.  They are to repay the loan of rice either by giving back rice in the next harvest season or by way of cash.

 

                  These Grain Banks are to be established in 295 villages of 19 Mandals by Considering the population economic condition, availability of food grains, inaccessibility and health profile.  Sofar 109 Villages have been identified for to set up Grain Banks.  The V.Os are also been furnished to manage the Grain Banks.

                        Through Girijana Co-operative Corporation, Bhadrachalam rice will be supplied to the Village Organisations, which are identified by the IKP.  The VO will manage to distribute the rice and to recover the loan component from the beneficiaries.  For this the requirement such as like weighing balance, Storage bins are also supplied by G.C.C.,  

 

            The IKP is making head way to setup grain banks in the villages as per above guidelines.109 Villages have been identified for to setup Grain Banks out of which 49 V.Os have taken up the activity. Due to launching of Food for Work programme in Khammam District the Grain Banks Scheme could not be expanded further

 

14.       MONITORING & LEARNING  :-

        In all 19 mandals of TPMU IKP Bhadrachalam have Management Information System (MIS) as designed by SERP Hyderabad 

        Systematic review methodology has been developed

        Review of field functionaries at TPMU (HQ) level by the Addl. Project Director/Project Officer of IKP is done on monthly basis.

        Monthly once review cum training programme for Community Coordinator.

        Twice in a month review for APMs with Addl. Project Director / Project Officer of IKP

        Monthly once review for Mandal Botanists by Addl. Project Director at TPMU level

During the review meeting the following items are discussed: -

         SHGs formation with Left Over Poor and POP

        Strengthening of defunct SHGs

        Capacity building for field functionaries APMs, C.Cs and other Social Capital of CBOs

        Micro finance related aspects Revolving Fund, SGSY, Bank Linkages and Book Keeping

        CIF sub Projects proposals (Micro Credit Plan) sanctioned, grounding and repayment and also on Scrutiny of loans that are repaid.

        NTFP procurements centers performance (NO of Commodities Purchased and Sales, Closing Stock Profit, Turnover and Marketing Interventions.

        Any other item with particular reference from time to time.

 

 

APD and DPMs field visits:-

        During the field visit of APD and DPMs monitor the field activities and they are given technical support / Suggestion to the Field functionaries and CBOs

Management Information System (MIS):-

        A separate Software package is being developed with the assistance of Software engineering Students under Jana Vignana Kendra Programme.

Mandal Samakya level:-

        All 19 mandals of MS Office Barriers and executive committee members meet once in a month at mandal (HQ).

        The Mandala Samakya review the activities with Agenda

        V.O wise monthly progress on Mobilization and Micro Finance activities

        Mandal level capacity building trainings as per training calendar prepared by the Mandal Samakya and their staff

        Staff performance based on tour Dairies submitted by the staff

        Identify the social issues like illicit liquor, Health and Nutrition problems, Literacy etc. and to prepare an Action Plan for the benefit of the society

        And prepared monthly work Action Plan for next month/ coming month.

 

15.     SUCCESS STORIES

Success through a small micro Enterprise in Boddugudem of Bhadrachalam (M)

 

1.        Boddugudem village is situated at 20 KM from ITDA, Bhadrachalam. There are about 150 families residing in the village and they are 100 % Koya. They are all poor families and their main occupation is Agriculture.

            They are all formed into 10 Self Help Groups and 1 Village Organization named Sai ram to improve their income levels and livelihoods through Self Help, unity and integration. They are regularly participating in all the activities of both SHG and V.O, like weekly meetings, savings, Book Keeping, internal lending, income generating activities, preparation of Micro Credit Plan etc.

            One of the SHG named Gandhiji is active and always looking for taking up small Income Generating activities to Strengthen their group financial.

 

            Tribals are fond of Fish and they are even go to long distances by walk to catch or purchase fish in the near by tanks. In every village there are about 2-3 tanks, the tanks are generally kept idle during season and off season. The likeliness of tribals towards Fish and for better utilization of water in the tanks, the Gandhiji SHG took a step forward towards fish culture in the village tank as an income generating activity and received CIF loan of RS. 28,800/- from IKP and utilized only Rs. 11,800/-. They taken up the following activities collectively by formation of working committees

The yield of the  fish is around 750 Kg and the same was marketed in and around  villages and Shandy places for Rs.35/- per Kg and made a turnover of Rs. 24,250/- Where as  the expenditure incurred was Rs.11,800/- and the net project earned is Rs. 13,450/- . the total benefited are 23 and the net profit per member is Rs. 584.

 

      After seeing the profits and good marketing prospects, now they are again looking for rearing of Fish.

 

2.  Satyanarayanapuram, a small village having 20 households with 100% Koya community. There is no Pacca road and Electricity. Their main occupation is Agriculture and is totally dependent on rain. Hence, their crop yields are very low so also their incomes.

     

They were formed into 2 SHGs to improve their livelihoods through Self Help and unity. Slowly they started thrift activities, Group meetings, Book Keeping, Bank Linkages etc. Due to all these activities they could meet small daily needs to a certain extent   .

     

As their Agriculture is totally rain fed and yields are low, they often think of doing farm activities like rearing of sheep, Goat, Milch animals, Giri Raja Chiks etc. But due to their small capital, they were helpless in improving their livelihoods.

     

Meanwhile, through IKP, they got Rs. 74,250/- for one SHG, having 10 members for Sheep Rearing through their Micro Credit Plan. They purchased 35 Sheep animals and rearing is done collectively. After six months of rearing, 25 Sheep animals have been given birth to kids. Now the population increased to 40 and the total value of Sheep units increased to Rs. 1,00,000/-.

      They are regularly repaying the CIF loan and by seeing the increased value of sheep units, they are now thinking further towards rearing of milch animals, Giri Raja Chiks, etc. for enhancement of their livelihood.

 

16.     AWFP for the year 2005 06

 

17.     A STATUS NOTE ON PROCUREMENT :

 

NTFP Collection is one of the Major livelihood activities of the tribals in TPMU area. Initially during the inception of the Project a resource survey was done in November 2003 to February 2004 by the botanists in 400 Villages covering 18 mandals to estimate  the potentiality  of the NTFP. The idea behind the survey is to get an idea of the NTFP commodities as well as their quantum and availability. The outcome of the survey revealed that 40 NTFP items out of which 21 items pertains to GCC monopoly items and 19 GCC non monopoly items. Some of the major items are listed below.

Text Box: S.NO
PLANT NAME
1
TIRUMANU
2
KONDAGOGU
3
TAPSI
4
NARAMAMIDI BARK
5
VIPPAPUVU
6
VIPPA BADDA
7
KARA KAYLU
8
MUSHTI GINJALU
9
CHILLA GINJALU
10
KANUGA GINJALU
11
NALLA GEEDI SEED
12
DRY AMLA
13
ADAVI  CHEEPURU
14
CHINTA PANDU
15
CHINTA GINJALU
16
KUNKUDUKAILU
17
MORLI
18
KONDA CHEEPURU

GCC  MONOPOLY ITEMS                                     GCC NON MONOPOLY ITEMS

S.NO

PLANT NAME

1

MAREDU

2

NELAVEMU

3

SATAVARI

4

SUGANDHPALA

5

NELAVUSIRI

6

TANTEM

7

KODISAPALA

8

KONDAPINDI

9

KASINDHA

10

VEMPALI

11

TANTEM

12

TIPPA TEEGA

13

MODUGA

14

JAJI

15

ADDAKU

16

NEREDU

17

VEPA

 

 

Generally tribals are Poor and Illiterate. Though the tribals mainly dependent on collection of NTFP item, their knowledge is very much confined to limited items. They are not fully aware of the species with high medicinal value and their economic importance viz Nelavemu, Thipa tega, Adavi Pasupu, Maredu, Thani, Kodisapala, Kondapindi, Neredu, Satavari, Sugandapala etc. During the survey it revealed that the tribals are being exploited by the middle men who offer meagre amount to the poor and illiterate tribals. The weighment of the material id also been manipulated which is against the interest of the tribals. In other words there are exploited and their by put to hardships.

The IKP with the objectives to mitigate the problems faced by the poor tribals has identified the gaps by interaction with the CBOs. Secondly the members are made into groups / VO which are self managed ones. For this, the VO members are given training programes such as extraction, grading and marketing of Gum Kariya and identification of Species, which has good economic value and extraction or collection procedures. They were also taken to exposure visit to Utnoor Adilabad(Dist) for marketing interventions. Further they are given awareness in regeneration of species to maintain ecological balance.

As an outcome of this, the procurement have performed well and they made a turnover of Rs. 102 Lakhs out of which the profit of 5.50 lakhs.

Some of the market interventions done by the IKP are shown below which has resulted in good profit to VOs.

 

Name of the commodity

GCC Price

In Rs/Kg

Open market  price in Rs/kg

Procurement in 2004 - 05

No. of members benefited

Qty in qtls

Value in Lakhs

Cleaning Nuts

30

35

384

12.7

995

Nux - Vomica

19

20

681

12.1

1760

Mohva flower

6

7

800

4.8

1200

Mohva Seed

10

11

514

4.9

1599

Wild Brooms

12

14

1494

5.9

1156

Hill brooms (Bundle)

10

16

21600

3.4

227

 

PROCUREMENT ACHIEVEMENTS IN 2004 2005

 

      119 Procurements Centres were started.

      44 Lakhs CIF was sanctioned for the 119 Procurement Centres.

      40 NTFP and Agri. Products are procured.

      102 Lakhs turn over was achieved in the Year 2004-05 with a profit of 5.5 Lakhs.

      Some of the major items procured are Mohwa Flower, Mohwa Seed, Nuxvomica, Cleaning Nuts, Green Gram, and other Pulses etc.

      119 Village Organizations were benefited through this procurement Centres.

       Around 6,000 families were benefited through these activities.

Tapping of Gum Kariya in a scientific method

Text Box:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Training on gum kariya tapping

 

 

 

Text Box:

 

 

 

 


 

                                                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                                  

 Training on Gum - Kariya Extraction- Grading in a scientific way

 

NTFP ACTIVITIES

Text Box:  
 
Wild Brooms procured by the village organization

Text Box:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Text Box: Text Box: Text Box:  
 
Grading of procured material
Text Box:  
 
Weighing of procured items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ACTIVITIES

      All the procurement Centres are provided with standard books of accounts to record the transactions.

      Cumulative working capital support to the MS for taking up marketing activities in the form of CIF will increase to 54 Lakhs from 44 Lakhs

      Movable infrastructure like (Weighing scales, Moisture meters, Tarpaulins, Sieves, Sample drawer, sample blows, etc.) would be made available to all the procurement Centres to be operated by Village Organizations with a budget provision of Rs. 10 Lakhs.

      Turn over of Procurement Centres will go up to 160 Lakhs from 102Lakhs.

      The Village Organizations will handle commodities like Mohwa Flower, Mohwa Seed, Amla Pulp, Nuxvomica, Cleaning Nuts, and Fertilizers etc.

      5 numbers of Village Organizations will take up input (Fertilizer) marketing activities.

      6000 Producers/ Collectors will be trained in Marketing, Scientific Collection, Grading and Value addition activities.

      Market information bulletin to build the awareness about market trends will be made available to 19 mandals Samakya.

      95 Village Botanists will be trained in quality aspects and scientific handling of NTFP/ Agriculture/ Horticulture Commodities to support the community.

      20 Commodity resource persons selected from the community will be trained extensively to promote marketing activities.

      600 VO/MS functional committee members will be trained in the NTFP and Commodity marketing.

      25 Botanists & LAs will be further trained for supporting and facilitating marketing activities taken by SHG federations.

      38 Master Book Keepers and 119 VO Procurement Committee members will be trained on Commercial book keeping to ensure proper record keeping of marketing interventions.

      19 Mandal Mahila Samakyas are participating in marketing activities.

 

For the year 2005-06 the IKP is likely reach a target of Rs.160 lakhs and dedicated to give a helping hand to the tribals in improving their income & livelihoods.