ADILABAD

 

Sl. No.

Contents

1

HR

2

PIP

3

Institutional Building

4

Capacity Building, workshops, Exposure visits

5

Details of MTCs/TTDC

6

Micro Finance

7

CIF

8

Convergence with LD & PRIs

9

Gender

10

Health & Nutrition

11

Disability

12

Land

13

Youth Empowerment

14

RCL

15

Best Practices/ success stories / challenges

16

SRM

17

Livelihood interventions and Value Chains

 


.                 HR

 

Recruitment,  Training Capacity Building etc.

 

 

Staffing

 

 

S.NO.

Name of the Post

Sanctioned

Working

Vacancy

1

District Project Manager

15

5

10

2

Assit. Project Manager

16

18

-2

3

Livelihood associate

19

10

9

4

Community coordinator

99

86

13

5

HN CCs

2

2

0

6

Disabled CCs

3

3

0

7

Mandal Resource Persons (Bank Linkage)

32

32

0

8

Community Resource persons

206

118

88

9

Mandal Book keeper

98

73

25

10

No. of Botanists

20

17

3

11

Community Activist

993

993

0

12

Health Activist( 2 HN Pilot Mandal)

40

40

0

13

Mandal Youth Coordinators - HND Pilot Mandals(5)

5

3

2

14

Community Development workers - (3 Pilot - Disabled Mandals )

9

9

0

15

Mandal Training Coordinator (MTC)- 5 HND Mandals )

32

32

0

16

Office Boy

32

32

0

 

Training exposure visits / Workshops at DPMU include:

                  Trainings by DPMUs to MMs

                  Grievances/challenges pertaining to HR

                  Percentage of Government staff to other staff.

 

2. Participatory Identification of Poor (PIP)

 

The PIP survey being conducted earlier, with aim of identification of POP & Poor Households in the district. The identified POP & Poor households may get the benefits also. The PIP data prepared followed the process and also approved in the Grama Sabhas respectively at the time survey. The prepared data is supplied to line departments for their convenient. The Optimum utilization of PIP data are being followed in various departments  like Revenue Dept., Panchayat Raj, DRDA, DWMA, SC Corporation, Disabled Welfare dept., for sanctioning of schemes and identification of beneficiaries etc., The mandal wise details are as annexed at Annexure – 2.

 

No. of Mandals

(a)

Total HHs

(b)

POP

(c)

Poor

(d)

Non poor middle

(e)

Rich

(f)

Total Poor (c+d)

Covered under Instts.

52

456706

182554

173797

75964

24391

356351

164053 (DPMU)

 

3. INSTITUTIONAL BUILDING

Promotion of Community Based Institutions:

The identified poor were organized into SHGs and already existing SHGs were provided intensive capacity building and were federated into a 3-Tier structure as follows:

Structure

10 to 20 women are taken in to fold of self help groups who belong to the similar economic and social status and from the same habitation.  5 to 30 SHGs from common or different habitations are federated into village organisations.  2 representatives (preferably leader and member) represent the VO executive body.  All Vos in a mandal federate into mandal samakhya to provide  larger benefits to the poor.

 

A. Revival and promotion of Self Help Groups

 

Previous Velugu, SHG concept and its systems were found to be practiced in places where few NGOs have their strong foot Viz., DHAN, GRAM and CEAD although their coverage is 19.2% of existing mandals. Even with in these mandals, SHGs covered by NGOs is on an average 25%. In rest of the areas groups never learnt or even heard of conducting meetings and related concepts. APMAS, a rating Institution had conducted a study on status of SHGs and reported similar observations.

 

Progress

§         Coverage: Currently, 164053 poor members are covered under SHGs and working with 12677 groups. All groups irrespective of promoting agency are taken up by Velugu for all capacity Building efforts and Linkages, special interventions like RCL, CIF to poor and the poorest.

§         SHGs are conducting weekly/monthly meetings

§         Although meetings are conducted on weekly basis but in most of the cases Savings is collected only once in a month. Remaining 3 meetings, members discusses on social issues, Loans repayments, CIF, RCL etc.

§         Transactions are being carried out with in meetings. This is not fully established.

§         Financial and managerial norms facilitated and practiced

§         The system of internal lending and scheduled repayments is inculcated by using RCL as a means for establishing credit flow and recovery mechanism.

§         Members are sharing Sangam responsibilities like, depositing amounts in banks

§         Sangam is also taking up social issues and developmental activities Viz., increase in wage rates, ban of toddy, mainstreaming Child labour etc.

§         NABARD recognized registers are distributed to SHGs and books being updated after finalization of previous accounts

§         SHG members have under gone training on Phase 1 module of Poverty, SHG concepts, Services, meeting processes, & Norms

§         Community Activist acts as facilitator at SHG level also sometimes work as Bookkeeper in places where BKs are not in place.

The following Annexures are enclosed
  1. Identification of POP – Annexure – 3 A
  2. Strenthening of old and new groups  - Annexure -3 B
  3. New groups formed  - Annexure – 3 C
  4. Formation of Social capital  - Annexure – 3 D
  5. CRPs list – Annexure – 3 E
  6. Formation & registration of VOs. – Annexure – 3 F  

4. Capacity Building, Workshops, Exposure visits

 

Process and Strategies

 

Initially, Community Coordinators were given 2 days orientation on use of UNDP charts (15) for further training SHGs. In the process of developing model villages, CCs (3) in a mandal work as team in each CCs cluster village for 1 week with an agenda of reviving old SHGs and promoting new SHGs with the assistance of old groups and once organized, conducts training to all the members in the village.

 

CCs after completion of the task of identifying model villages, have under gone 6 day ToT on SHG (Swasakti and Samruddi modules).

 

The process then followed was conduct of PRA in village after establishing rapport with the villagers, listing of poor covered under SHGs and left over, identification of activist by conducting Gram sabha or on the recommendation of SHGs, train CAs in order to facilitate SHG promotion and strengthening.

 

Groups promoted by DRDA are take-up for strengthening right from the beginning of the project expansion as per the agreement made between DRDA and VELUGU. Revival of old groups is done through the following strategies-

·        Accounts Finalization

·        Trainings to SHGs

·        Merging in VOs

·        Exposures

·        Initiating entry points

·        Social Mobilization

·        Conducting regular meetings

·        Experience sharing by the old best SHG members

 

Mandal Resource persons (MRPs) and Community Resource persons (CRPs) are positioned exclusively to train SHGs along with CAs.

 

Participation of APMAS:

 

The services of APMAS has been utilized at the time of trainings organized for CBOs and staff where ever their services are needed. The resources fee will be applicable through MOU as per guide lines issued by SERP.

 

An Annexure covering details of trainings given so far is enclosed at Annexure-4

 

5. DETAILS OF MVTC/TTDC

 

Considering the magnitude of the project and the extent and intensity of capacity building required, MVTCs have been set up in each project mandal.

 

1.   To strengthen and enhance the skills of CBOs and build a cadre of paraprofessionals in the villages.

2.   Promoting and using active community/group members as resource persons for training all the members in the community.

3.   Production of trainer-neutral training modules (material that has less scope for transmission losses viz., audio-visual aids), training –aids, audio and video cassettes and material and dissemination of best practices.

 

For all Mandal Velugu Training Centres the following items were procured by Andhra Pradesh Technologies Service, (APTS) Hyderabad.

 

  1. P-IV Campaq Computer, TVS Dot matrix Printer with UPS.
  2. 29” Colour Television
  3. DVD Players
  4. Philips Tape recorder (two in one)
  5. Kodak Photo Camera

 

Besides these items, the furniture, stationery for training purpose to Self Help Groups, Village Organisation & Mandal Samakyas, the Training Modules like Sankalpam, Samruddi, Swashakthi with charts and also CDs (Sangam, Nirnayam,Collective Marketing etc.,)were also supplied. The training centers

 

The project has enhanced the capacities of the CBOs and its members, the project staff and the various stakeholders through 

·        Trainings

·        Workshops

·        Exposure visits/Cross visits

·        Experience sharing

·        Self-learning

·        On-job technical assistance

·        Counseling

 

A mix of these methods were followed at different levels, appropriate to the content of capacity building that was planned.  Capacity building plans were worked out systematically, the thumb rule being that capacity building must keep pace with emerging project requirements.  

 

TTDC:

The Technical Training Development Centre (TTDC) has established in Dist.Hqrtrs. under maintenance by DRDA. The TTDC consisting 3 class rooms with dormitory facility. The TTDC is being used for conducting training programs at District level only.  The details of equipments in each MVTC are appended at Annexure – 5.

 

 

6.  MICRO-FINANCE

 

Book keeping strategy & accompalishment:

 

Earlier to DPIP, the scenario of bookkeeping was that the groups promoted by DRDA were having single register for accounting. Although the design was not comprehensive, but was simpler for maintenance by a village boy. Some of the groups were also holding registers issued by ITDA & Self Help Promoting Institutions. But, in most of the cases, the registers remained empty or filled incomplete. The major set back was that the groups never paid the book keepers for their services and hence no person was accountable for maintenance of registers. Some interested and active SHG leaders ensured record maintenance by their children on request. In few places bankers either themselves or by engaging local boys, maintained SHG records.

 

Objectives:

            A strategy is designed with achieving 4 objectives

v     Initial finalization of all Self Help Groups past accounts

v     Introducing Base registers in SHGs

v     Capacity building on Book keeping at all levels – CCs, MBKs, BKs

v     Selection of MBKs

 

* MBK - Master Book Keeper                        DPM (MF) + Resource persons from CBI

v     CBI - Capacity Building Institution

Placement of MBKs:

§   At mandal level, 2-3 MBKs are positioned . One MBK will maintain accounts of Mandal Samakya and works with lesser VOs in comparison to other 2 MBKs.

§   Currently, 64 MBKs are placed in old 30 mandals of project and identification and selection of candidates is under process in newly expanded 22 mandals

§   MBKs undergo training as part of selection process with which they further train Village Bookkeepers and Bookkeepers with the assistance of Community Coordinator.MBKs are subjected to 1 month rigorous task and then will be finalized after undergoing final test and interviews

 

The functions of  MBKs are-

Ø      MBK is ultimately responsible for ensuring perfect accounting practices at SHG/VO in his cluster and at federation level.

Ø      Initially till VBKs are in place, MBKs will audit SHG records on quarterly basis and intriduce SHG base registers and also maintain registers at VO level

Ø      Assist CCs in identification of VBKs and train them. Once VBK is positioned, MBK limits his role to VO level audit and MS accounts maintenance

Ø      Build the capacities of VBKs and GBKs through in-house and on-job trainings

Ø      Conduct monthly reviews of VBKs and GBKs at mandal level

MBKs are preferably Graduates with Commerce back ground or Intermediate pass in Commerce.  All Mandal Samakya in DPMU mandals have received SERP designed MS accounts registers and are being updated.

Placement of VBKs:

 

Responsibilities of Village Book keeper:-

Ø      Maintenance of records in VO

Ø      Quarterly audit of SHGs

Ø      Maintenance of CIG registers

Ø      Maintenance of SHG & VO level MIS

Ø      On-job support to GBKs

Ø      Visit all SHG meetings once in a month and report observations (financial &non-financial) in VO meetings

 

VBKs are usually local youngsters with 10th pass or Intermediate fail.  VBKs will receive their honorarium from the corpus of Village Organizations. In few VOs, the payment process has started like in Dugnepalli village of Chennur mandal.  In DPMU mandals, the process of VBK identification by village organizations is completed and all VBKs have completed their phase1 training on VO books of accounts.

 

In TPMU, Community facilitator is maintaining VO books of accounts.  Almost 1250 VOs have received printed registers and are being updated by the VBKs with the assistance of MBKs

 

Internal and external Audit of VOs:

Ø      All the CCs and the MBKs were trained on the VO accounts

Ø      Internal audit was done by these mandal staff

Ø      Financial statements and the DCBs were prepared

Ø      External Chartered Accountants were positioned for the audit of VOs in DPMU mandals

Ø      Out of 823, 780 VOs are audited by the Chartered Accountants

Ø      Audited reports are to be received

This process is still to be adopted in TPMU mandals

Positioning of Group Book keeper/CA:-

Book keepers usually belong to the same village, literate with an ability to maintain SHG level accounts (may be between 7th and 10th standard)

Responsibilities of Group Book keeper:-

Ø      Maintenance of all SHG records- Transaction book, General ledger, loan ledger, minutes and member pass book

Ø      Collection of static data- SHG/Member and other related details

Ø      Drafting resolutions for account opening, leaders change, bank loans etc

GBKs are either paid by the SHG directly or from the amount collected from SHG as service fee by the VO.

Since SHGs had no practice of paying bookkeepers, to establish GBK system became very difficult and to add to that the SHG level registers sounded tough for the level of a bookkeeper. Therefore, in order to ensure book keeping, alternatives of using CA for this purpose is opened for the field level functionaries.

 

Bank Linkage strategy & Accomplishments:

n            Placement of an MRP/Service Area Coordinator: In all the project mandals  1 person is positioned to work on recoveries and Linkages from banks.

n            Collection of Bank and Branch wise data base of SHG-Bank linkage: Data with details of all SHGs holding Bank accounts and their credit history (Fresh & repeat loans and repayment status) with banks is collected from Bank branches, computerized and circulated to all Principal banks and field functionaries.

n            Annual Credit plans: Prior to DCC meeting for compilation of annual Credit plan report, in all the project mandals, all the mandal level field staff had prepared action plans for bank linkages and the compilation of these reports was submitted to DCC. Also, CIF Bank linkage projections were submitted to DCC for the approval.  Ultimately, District targets were again communicated to field staff to modify their plans as per revised targets.

n            Participation in JMLBC and DDRC: Project Director and district level functionaries have been attending DDRC meeting. Only for the past 2 quarters, it was made mandatory for all the field staff (APMs & CCs) to attend JMLBC meetings held at their respective blocks

n            Involvement of bankers in capacity building of field functionaries in banking aspects: Sri Saraswathi Grameena Bank is an SHPI in the district. In order to explore their services, bank managers acted as resource persons for training all mandal CAs on Critical Rating Index. Also, few are trained on appraising Sub-projects, and are attending to CIF appraisals.

n            Conduct of Bankers workshops on SHG bank linkage: A workshop was conducted to Phase 1 mandals Managers in coord0ination with NABARD for 2 days

n            Follow up of NPAs of SHGs in Banks: In cases of default or bad debts, bankers are providing list of problematic villages and groups to the project. Concern MRP is immediately assigned for the verification and follow up by coordinating with respective branch manager.

n            Progress of Bank linkage

 

Year

No. of SHGs linked

Amount (Rs)

1999-2000

667

100.05

2000-2001

2514

530.64

2001-2002

4132

889.58

2002-2003

5350

1392.16

2003-2004

7611

2352.47

2004-2005

5553 (DPMU)

1970.33

 

DISTRICT STATISTICS OF IB&MF:

a)Status of Institution Building-

S.No

SHGs

   VOs

   MS

   DS

New SHGs

Old SHGs

Total

1

826

11275

12101

821

32

1

 

7. COMMUNITY INVESTMENT FUND (CIF):

 

Community Investment Fund forms one of the important components in the project. It is a source that focuses economic development of the POP and poor by supporting existing livelihoods or by creating new livelihoods. A process is followed for grounding of CIF.

 

Livelihood Enhancement Action Plan (LEAP) is prepared for all the villages in the mandals using the PRA tools to which value chain analysis is added. All the CCs & APMs were given training on the above concept.  The proposals are being prepared based on the gaps and findings in the LEAP with the participation of the community.  Once the proposals are ready and submitted in the office, it is appraised by an external person expertise in the sector (Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, Civil works, Sericulture etc) that assess the requirement of the sub-project to the community. After appraising the sub-project, the proposals submitted either approved or sanctioned based on the report submitted by the Appraiser.  For all the CIF Sub projects, the SPIA is either Village Organization or Mandal Samakya. For the process of CIF sub projects, project has prepared the checklist for the community to ensure that the CIF Sub projects are grounded in a systematic way.

 

The details of year wise sanctions and disbursement are as follows:

SN

Year

Sector

No.of SPs

Benfs.

Total project cost

Benfy. Contrbn.

CIF amount

Amout disburse-ment

1.

2001-02

DPMU

80

2114

93.06

9.70

81.30

78.00

2.

2002-03

DPMU

262

5655

400.07

44.50

355.57

342.09

 

 

TPMU

426

9625

629.68

67.81

560.05

545.20

3.

2003-04

DPMU

1996

51375

2512.39

257.40

2210.09

2043.86

 

 

TPMU

1761

37056

2628.77

170.61

1400.08

1222.36

4.

2004-05

DPMU

1022

26118

1589.65

155.94

832.58

823.31

 

 

TPMU

66

2618

67.51

7.77

53.26

53.26

 

TOTAL:

 

5613

134561

7921.13

713.73

5492.93

5108.08

 

 

8. CONVERGENCE WITH LINE DEPARTMENTS

I. Forest Department (CFM) and Velugu:

One of the main objective of the project  is to work in convergence with the Line departments like Welfare and Development Departments.

The project has been identifying & organizing poorest of the poor into groups and building best people Institutions like Self Help Groups (SHGs), Village Organization (VO) and Mandal Samakya (MS) from small group to Mandal Samakya. To achieve the objectives of the VELUGU, social capital like Book Keepers (BK) Master Book Keepers (MBKs) Community Activists (CA) Para Professionals (PPs) in various specializations viz., Agriculture, Veterinary, Fisheries, Horticulture and NTFP were developed.

 

Another project funded by World Bank under Department of Forest is Community Forest Management (CFM). The main objective of the project is to reduce the poverty and to develop the forest in sustainable way.

 

Need of the Convergence:

¨      Poverty is multi- dimensional, a planned approach is required to meet the needs of the community.

¨      Avoid over lapping and under lapping

¨      Reaching Maximum people

¨      Optimal utilization of Human, Financial and Natural Resources.

The workshop felt that the need of convergence in these areas are as follows:

¨      Human Resource

¨      Institutional Convergence

¨      Financial Converge

 

II. PRIs (Panchayat Institutions):

The PRIs have an important role in the poverty alleviation programmes and implementation of project activities. In order to do this better, the project will build the capacities of the PRIs, in local level planning, identification of poor and managing delivery of development interventions.

 

One of the main objectives of the VELUGU project is to strengthen the Panchayat Raj Institutions (local bodies i.e., GramPanchayats, Mandal Praja Parishads & Zillah Parishads) to provide better services to the poorest of the poor families, to uplift their socio, economic conditions, need to develop leadership qualities of the elected members, to support sustainable links between the PRIs and CBOs and to bring their effective participation in implementing the Government Schemes, including Velugu project in the district.

 

In view of the above, DPIP Adilabad has taken initiation to organize the trainings to the representatives of PRIs in the district with close coordination and monitoring with District Administration  (The Collector, DPO, and CEO - ZP).

 

An action plan was prepared for training 263 women sarpanches in the district on role of women sarpanches in implementing the schemes  & their self-empowerment concepts. Training was given to 52 women sarpanches in 2 blocks of the district covering         panchyats. 

 

III.  Animal Husbandry Department- DPIP-Adilabad.

Animal selection and Grounding :

In coordination with the AH Department, doctors have been identified and action plan has been developed for the animal procurement purpose.  CIF Beneficiaries along with VO purchase committee and concerned area doctor decided the shandy place for procurement of the animal.  The choice has been left to the community to select the shandy place, so for 3635 animals have been grounded with co-ordination of AH Department.

 

Intensive Fodder Cultivation:

Fodder seed has been distributed not only to the CIF Beneficiaries but also to the interested farmers.

ABSTRACT OF FODDER DISTRIBUTION

S.No

Year

No.Farmers

Quantity

AH Department subsidy

Amount

1

2002

3500

30 MT

75%

372533/-

2

2003

2500

20MT

75%

2,58,355/-

3

2004

4000

37MT

100%

6,12,637/-

 

 

10,000

87MT

 

12,43,525/-

 

Training on Cattle Management

All the milk producers have been trained on the Cattle Management and other best practiced by SADHANA an NGO specialisation on Animal Husbandry & Dairy.

 

Breed Improvement :

Two – Prong strategy has been adopted to improve the milch animal breed in Adilabad.

 

Artificial Insemination and Animal Health care Program. : 

¨      Development of GopalaMitras/ ParaProfessionals.  This is long term strategy for improving the breed quality of milchanimals in Adilabad District.  Mandal wise paraprofessionals have been identified for this purpose and animal husbandry department is providing Technical support for impacting training to the paraprofessionals.

¨Around 180 GopalaMitras would be taken for covering all the mandals in District.  GopalaMitra will be trained for 3 months and placed in the mandals.  Animal Husbandry Department would Coordinate in the entire program.

 

No. of Awareness camps conducted with Animal Husbandry Department on Animal Health Care.

IV. GCC – VELUGU – ITDA:

The Girijan Cooperative Corporation Ltd., purchase and providing marketing facilities for NTFP items being procured by Village Organisations and 1% commission is offering for purchase of GCC items.

 

V. FISHERIES - VELUGU:

The fisheries department provided technical support to the fishermen and orientation work shop conducted on fish culture.

 

VI. REVENUE:

 

i) TGMS: (Telugu Grameena Magana Samaradhana)                               

 

Financial support worth of Rs.1.50 lakhs for survey sketches, missing village mpas, Xerox copies and transportation facilities were made to the Revenue Dept. so that 12000 poor tribals will get the pattadar pass books (legal title over the land) to an extent of 40000.00 acres. So far 12000.00 acres were given pattadar pass books given to 3400 tribal beneficiaries. Remaining acres will be distributed shortly.

 

ii) Mee Bhumi – Mee Patta

Under this programme Grama sabhas will be conducted in villages were Revenue Sadassus will be attended by Mandal Revenue Officer, Mandal Revenue Inspector and Village Secretary, where pahani will be read out and objections will be called for. Immediately required pattadar pass books will be distributed then and there. Due to which the tillers gets legal title over the lands and can get bank loans instead from the money lenders. So far more than 2600 beneficiaries were given title over 7600.00 acres.

 

iii) Computerization of old Records:

In the district old records like 38E and PT registers are in bad condition. PT Registers are in Modi language. Only 2 – 3 persons who can read Modi language are alive, hence it has been decided to engage Modi knowing persons and translate them and computerize the records in English. So far 8 mandals have been completed.

 

iv) Land Purchase Scheme (LPS)

Under Land Purchase Scheme 170.00 acres have been identified where PIP will get 1.00 to 2.00 acres wet land.

 

v) Land Development:

Under Land development 4.13 crores have been sanctioned for 5700 beneficiaries for 8500.00 acres.

 

VII. Horticulture Department

Horticulture department is instrumental in grounding the Home Herbal Kitchen Gardens and Green House under CIF Sub projects. They are supplied the material required and now providing support for the Horticulture plantations for the Velugu CIG members

 

VIII. Sericulture Department

Velugu has imparted existing skill up gradation training in convergence with Sericulture Department and is under the process to procure infrastructure like reeling & spinning machines to the weaver’s community, and they formed into groups. Further encouragement provided from state government, agreed to provide 25% subsidy apart from CIF from this office.

 

09. GENDER INITIATIVES:

 

Equity:  The gender equity strategy forms the core of all DPIP interventions.  The situation and status of women especially tribal and Scheduled Caste women compared to the rest of the society, has remained relatively precarious.  Bigamy is practiced widely on ground of infertility, birth of all girl children and incompatibility or wife being minor and child.  Right from dawn to dusk women are burdened with workload.  Women are not involved in decision making in the family, they have no right on their reproductive health,  they are deprived of equal wages for the work equally done on par with men  and lack of rights on assets, properties, education, nutritious food etc., Divorce, as trivial grounds are all common and wide spread indignities heaped on women.

 

Gender Initiatives

 

Formation of District level Gender Resource Group GREG.:  The GReG members are representatives from NGOs, advocates and Gender Resource persons. There are 9 GReG members at District level. The group supports district level trainings, legal supports, issues taken up by women groups, etc.

 

Recruitment of Gender MRPs:  The Mandal Resource Persons were called for through paper notification.  The selection process consists of short listing of the applications, followed by written test and a final interview.  After the final interview, 2 candidates were allotted to TPMU mandals and 11 (incl. 4 old) candidates allotted for DPMU mandals.  Later, it was decided to recruit one candidate per mandal and advertisement was released accordingly on 20-09-2003 in Adilabad district edition.  In TPMU mandals, 18 Community Facilitators were identified and selected as Gender Community Facilitators.  The second phase of selection has 12 short listed  candidates posted in the respective native mandals.

 

Trainings:  Organized trainings to Community Coordinators, District Resource Persons and Mandal Resource Persons (other than Gender MRPs) and Community Resource Persons (Tribal Project Management Unit) on gender concepts.  The selected Gender Resource Persons and Gender Community Facilitators were given ToT for 5 days.  The specialized candidates are given Participatory Rural Appraisal trainings on Gender concepts (Gender Equity Enhancement Action Plan – GEEAP) for 3 days followed by field emersion.  The above training’s have been given to the newly appointed Gender Resource Persons.

 

Trainings to CBOs:  Members of the Self-Help Groups, Village Organization members, Mandal Samakhya members, Youth Groups, CAs, CFs were given trainings on gender concepts.  The first phase trainings have been completed in the 10 DPMU mandals.

 

Identification of Social Activists:  The basic idea of identifying the Social Activists is to have a more focus approach on the issues at Village and Mandal level.  Further, this would also help to form VO and Mandal level social sub committees, where the committees will look after the women and social issues in the community.  The VO members identified the Social Activists with the criteria that they should articulative, literate with less burdens, and who can respond to the sensitive issues in the community.  The Social Activists should be a member of SHG/VO.  The process involves identification of 3 active members from each VO and organizing one day workshop at mandal level,  finally, one member will become Social Activist & remaining two are committee members to support the VO in addressing the issues at Village Organization  level.

 

The process has been completed in 10 mandals in DPMU.  The action plan for conducting workshop at the mandals has been worked out.  The selected Social Activists will be given training on gender concepts.

 

Committees on Women and Social Issues :  The SHG women federated at the village and mandal level have been under going various capacity building programmes for their empowerment.  As a result, they have been debating and discussing the issues related to their status in the society and family in all their regular scheduled meetings.  Against this background, the project felt that the poverty eradication couldn’t be addressed unless their present status is not enhanced.  Therefore the project as a part of its gender equity, strategy facilitated them to form committees on women and social issues.  They also passed resolution to form the committees at V.O and  Mandal Samakya level.  In this direction a committee has been formed in district federation and the members discuss various gender issues like girl child education, women education, health problems equal wages, child marriages, providing support to single women, female infanticide, focusing on family planning operations, stressing on vasectomy, encouraging higher education among adolescent girls by providing economical support.

 

GEEAP (Gender Equity Enhancement Action Plan) :  It is a PRA tool to identify the gaps, which focuses on gender issues to come out from the participation of villagers in the GEEAP. The present Gender Equity is assessed with the help of village information, interaction with VO/SHG member and the level of decision making/work sharing in family.  The various tools are social map, resource map, chapathi diagram (accessibility of institutional services), well being analysis, women work analysis, body mapping, trend analysis, child marriages – causes and impact, decision making, mobility (mobility of sangha women), gender equity, etc.  It can also be used to see the drugery of the women.

 

Few GEEAPs have been conducted in Kotapally ((Essenvai village), Chennur (Akkepally village) and Utnoor (Umri Kolamguda & Enda Kolamguda) Mandals.  The Gaps identified are drinking water problem, drugery reduction implements (agriculture, household, etc.), ISL, women illiteracy, girl child labour, child marriages, violence against women, pacca school builds, etc.  It is planned to sanction Social Sub projects in these villages.  Other proposals are under process and are to be followed up in convergence with line departments.

 

Social Sub-Projects:

 

1.       Higher Education: Identified 33 poor students (more focused on girls), who are eligible for higher studies and stopped/discontinued and sanctioned a proposal for an amount of Rs. 1,10,800 as economical support at Junani village of Bela Mandal.

2.       Day care centers and Family canceling centre  sub projects are in process in Chennur, Kuntala, Tanoor, Kubeer, Laxmanchanda, Sarangapur and  Lokeshwarm  mandal.

 

Reviews:

 

The MRP genders are converted to CRP/CA gender and disabled activities and attending monthly review meetings in concerned Mandals.

 

GENDER NEEDS:-

 

1. Familiarizing the women and men with the concept of gender equity.

2. Taking up of social issues with the active participation of the GREG team.

3. Awareness on the gender concept to the adolescent girls / youth.

 

KEY AREAS OF CONCERN:-

 

1. Legal awareness camps to be conducted at mandal level.

2. Supporting the women with basic needs by social sub-projects.(Day care center )

3. Protecting the women in the rural areas from domestic violence’s by setting up family counseling centers.(Family counseling centers)

 

* Training to be conducted for APM/ CCs on Gender concept and training to be conducted for DS Social Sub-committee members.

 

            *  In Mandal level training  to be conducted for VO and Office bearer

 

10. PROJECT INITIATIVES ON HEALTH & NUTRITION

 

A DPIP-DPMU Velugu, Adilabad has taken Health & Nutrition component on a pilot basis in two mandals viz., Tanoor and Kuntala.  In the first phase these two mandals will be focused exclusively on Health & Nutrition activities to improve the Health & Nutrition status of the community.  The focus will be on:-

 

a).Demand access to Health & Nutrition services.

b).Control spread of communicable diseases.

c).Practice preventive aspects of illness.

d).Reduce health relative expenses.

 

To achieve the above objectives, the strategy planned is:-

 

            1 . Capacity Building.

            2. Convergence.

            3. Community Investment Fund.

            4. Communication for Behavior change (BCC) using IEC.

 

RECRUITMENT:-

 

Community Coordinators for the above mandals have been selected and posted in the mandals in the first week of July’04.  They are in the process of developing rapport with the community and also working out with the village action plans in the allotted mandals.

 

PILOTS TAKENUP:-

In regard with the health care of the eye, a convergence has been worked out with L.V. Prasad Eye Care Center to create awareness among the community regarding the importance of eye care.  For the above purpose, 10 vision guardians have been identified in two mandals Bhainsa and Kubeer, the training is being proposed in the current month to start the activity in the villages in the above mandals.

 

KITCHEN GARDEN:-

Looking in to the magnitude of malnutrition an activity has been implemented in the mandal covering all the SHG women who are under Below Poverty Line, by giving them a vegetable kit to be accessed to the fresh vegetables that can be grown in the back yards. Thereby increasing their Health & Nutritional levels.

 

CREATING AWARENESS AND CAPACITY BUILDING OF SHG’s ON HIV / AIDS.

HIV /AIDS the most focused problem among the poor women with higher magnitude has been addressed by taking up a training programme to the SHG’s.  Under this 23 highly effected mandals have been selected as per the survey report of the Medical & Health department.  From these 23 mandals, 69 Mandal Resource Persons were trained who in turn have trained 727 Village Resource Persons in 28 batches.  These 727 Village Resource Persons have covered 8216 Self Help Groups covering 80,805 members in the project area of the Adilabad District.  We are conducted HIV / AIDS training for VRPs in pilot Mandals. In Mandal level VRPs can train to SHGs members at MVTC level.

 

11. DISABILITY

 

A DPIP-DPMU Velugu, Adilabad has taken Disability component on a pilot basis in three mandals namely Sarangapur, Laxmanchanda and Kubeer.  Basing on the magnitude of the problem and the survey report given by the disability department the three mandals have been selected to implement the project. These three mandals will have focussing activities for the disabled persons in the above mandals.

 

The focus will be mainly on:-

1.Providing equal opportunities and rights for the persons with disabilities.

2.Education attainment.

3.Income Generation.

4.Quality of Life.

COMMON ACTIVITIES:-

Ø      Formation of PWDs into SHGs.

Ø      Capacity Building of CDW’s.

Ø      Fixed imunization camps.

Ø      Fixed Health & Education sessions.

Ø      Early detection of disabilities & referrals.

Ø      Community based rehabilitation.

 

Institutional Building : The disabled  persons have been organised into  160 DAP SHGs in the mandals .

Sarangpur:                    55

Laxmanchanda: 65

Kubeer:                        40

 

The action plan is done for the formation of Mandal Vikalanga Samakhyas in the respective mandals.

 

Capacity Building :  An action plan has been prepared to impart training’s to the Differentially Abled  Persons SHG’s.  This will come into effect once a ToT is given to the Community Development Workers on the concepts of SHG’s.

Convergence Activities:-

 

Convergence has been worked out with Disability Welfare Department.  A camp was conducted for certification of the Disability percentage.  420 beneficiaries were given walkers and Tri cycles under RSVY Scheme for an amount of 4.57 lakhs.

Conducted Disabled Assessment Certificate camp.  We are Conducted certificate camps at in 3 pilot mandals and identified and issued to 760 certificates in various disabled categories.

 

Free Assistive Device camp:  The Process of identification of the disabled persons in need of artificial limbs and calipers by conducting assessment camps in all the mandal of the district and to finalize the mandal wise list of beneficiaries. 

 

The compliance of the above appropriate arrangements have been made at the (12) centers covering 32 mandals of this districts and the screening was done by 13 doctors how were deputed to this district by Durgabai Deshmuk Hyderabad on 06.03.2005 and 07.03.2005 headed by the Dr.Gokul Asst. Professor. 

 

No. of Disabled persons attended: 800

No. of Disabled persons checkup  : 780

No. of Disabled persons identified duly screened:

            Artificial limbs : 57

            Calipers : 295

            Surgical cases identified: 350

           

In this connection a Mega Disabled camp was organized at chennur of Adilabad District from 12.03.2005 to 14.03.2005 which was inaugurated by Sri. G.Vinod Hon’ble minister for Labour and Employment, AP Hyderabad.  Totally 350 members were taken to Chennur for providing them free artificial limbs, calipers and Hand sticks cruches by Bhagwan Mahaveer Vikalangula Sahayatha Samithi, Jaipur with funding was provided by  Vishaka Chartable trust. The result is as follows:

 

S.NO.

Date

Caliper

Artificial limbs

Cruches  & others

Surgical identification

01

12.03.2005

76

31

27

118

02

13.03.2005

79

23

28

70

03

14.03.2005

39

13

23

67

Total:

 

194

67

78

255

 

Most of the surgical cases seen by Dr. Vijay Bhaskar  were refer to BLN charitable trust Godhari Khani for free surgical treatment.

 

Surgical Megha camp is being proposed to be organized at Adilabad.

 

Promotion of Livelihood:

Promotion of Livelihood activities and sanction of CIF through Micro credit planning and CCs with the assistance of CDWs are prepared Micro plans for SHGs of disabled persons in a (3) Mandals.         Up to worth of 1500000/-  in pilot mandals.

100 Qtls. Rice are sanctioned  in Kubeer pilot mandal  as a CIF under RCL Components. And they made 100 % re -payment.

 

12 OUTSTANDING ADVANCES AS ON 31ST MARCH 2005

 

S.NO.

Category

Amount Rs. In Lakhs

1.

Advance to MS & MCSC for operational expenses

6.22

2.

Towards Soya & Red Gram Procurement

58.00

3.

Advances to Line Departments

7.53

4.

Advance to Employees

12.79

Total:=->>>>

84.53

 

Audit:

Ø      Quarterly Audit has been completed up to December 2004.

Ø      Audit reports received up to September 2004

Ø      Answers to QML submitted up to March 2004

Ø      Answer to QML for the June’ 04 & September’ 04 quarters will be submitted shortly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LAND

 

PHYSICAL LAND INVENTORY

Total Government Land

Extent of assigned land surveyed

Balance extent to be surveyed

Result of Survey

Present Status of the Land

Land in the Possession of assignees

No of Cases of alienation on assigned lands

Extent involved as per

Land Possession of assignee as in

Land alienated Breakup of

Extent

No.

Cultivated

Un cultivated

280640

203845

76795.01

195300.3

83159

3887

8544.10

195300.3

8155.04

389.06

 

 

LAND DEVELOPMENT:

*          Under Land Development Rs. 5.89 Crores have been sanctioned.        

             7312 beneficiaries,  8500 acres.

*          16000 Eucalyptus plants have been provided to poor beneficiaries on “free of                  

              cost”.  Poor beneficiaries have received benefit of nearly Rs. 30,000 free plants

              and transportation.

 

UNDER TGMS:-

*          In 575 Villages, 2.51 lakh acres were surveyed out of this extent 1.117 lakh acres were given pattas to 23.724 S.Ts.

*          Non S.Ts 3,709 extent 63,365 acres.

*          Nearly 40,600 acres have to be given pattas to S.Ts.

*          Financial Support from Velugu (Rs.1,07,893) has been sanctioned for

              making Xerox copies of TGMS survey records, sub-division sketches 

             and   area  list  of  each  village  so  that  verification   can   be   done

             immediately and PPBs/TDs can be given to 14,000 tribals to an extent

            of 40,600 acres.

*          Financial support for jeeps is also provided to MRO’s for completing

            TGMs work.

*          Financial support has also been given to AD (SLR) to purchase 200 missing 

            village maps.

*          12000 acres have been given PPBs/TDs.

 

PROGRESS IN COMPUTERISATION OF OLD RECORDS:

*          In the district old records like 38  E  and  PT  Registers  are in bad 

          condition, PT Registers are in “Modi” Language, only 2 to 3 persons 

          are who can read Modi Language are alive.  Hence it has been decided

          to engage “Modi” knowing persons to translate them and computerize

          these records in English.  So far 9 mandals have been completed the

          computerization.

 

LAND PURCHASE:

 

*          25 Mandals proforma have been filled up.

*        Jainath, Thamsi, Talamadugu, Bela, Echoda, Gudihathnoor, Boath,  

         Neradigonda, Mudhole Thanoor, Lohesra, Bhainsa, Adilabad,  Bazarhathnoor, 

         Nirmal, Sarangapur, Dilawarpur, Kuntala, Laxmanchanda, Mamada, Tandur, 

         Rebbena, Jaipur, Chennur and Mancherial.

 

*       307.10 acres of Land is identified in 5 mandals for Land purchase.

*          So far 123.00 acres, 107 beneficiaries, Rs. 58.00 lakhs were purchased

          under Land Purchase Scheme.

 

 

 LAND DEVELOPMENT  

Activity

No. of Beneficiaries

Total Project Cost

Community Contribution

Line Departments

Banks / Others Loan

CIF Amount

Total Disbursement

Land Development

7070

57094850

5758329

525500

220000

50591021

50222921

 

YOUTH EMPOWERMENT

Focusing on the Youth and thereby supporting them in all aspects is the main criteria for the pilot activity being take-up in the five HND mandals.  Each mandal has got a Mandal Youth Coordinator (MYC) who is in the process of understanding the situations of the particular mandal. 

 

Text Box: Up to Medical verification

 

These MYC’s basically are working with the existing youth groups in the mandals.  And also are focussing on the entry points that can be take-up in the villages for implementing the future activities like formation of new groups, conducting of career guidance camps, collective awareness programmes on prohibition / Gutka consumption to which most of the youth are addicted.  Each MYC would be very specific in his approach and have a specific activity in his working area. And formed a Youth Groups in Pilot mandals and conducted Health workshops on Youth issues. Conducted coaching for Free Army recruitment:

 

                        August -2004   111 identified; 96 trained and 26 selected

                        December’04    266 identified; 200 trained and 70 selected

Revival of Lift Irrigation Management Under Social Infrastructure Component.

 

A major component of the reform to the Irrigation sector was aimed giving a greater role to the farmer in irrigation management.  To determine a suitable frame work for increasing farmers participation, a series of public consultations were conducted through the district most major irrigation commands.

 

Lift irrigation schemes are:- Lift Irrigation’s are prioritized livelihood of PoP in Adilabad District.  Rs.51.87 lakhs towards revive of the Lift Irrigation schemes and the CIF amount will be routed through concerned village Organisations after the contribution by the beneficiaries.  In this intervention 800 families benefited within the area 7500 acres.  Beeravelly, Nigwa, Pochera, Suddapur, Mategaon, Nambala, Nandiguda, Kubeer Lift Irrigation’s are work under progress for the year of 2004-05 and these works would be completed within the month of August’2004.  The technical support for the execution of above works would be coordinated by the Executive Engineer, APSIDC Nirmal through the Village Organisations and the community concerned.

 

Sustainability of Lift Irrigation:-

They formed following committees for execution and management.

1.Financial Management Committee.

2.Water Management Committee.

3.Repairs & Electricity Committee.

4.Monitoring Committee.

DETAILS OF REVIVAL OF L.I.SCHEMES SANCTIONED UNDER PHASE-I FOR WHICH RESTOTATION OF POWER SUPPLY REQUIRED

Sl. No.

Name of the Scheme

Mandal

Remarks

Schemes for which additional funds are provided from CIF, Velugu.

1

Nambala

Dandepalli

Power supply to be released

2

Pochera

Boath

Power supply to be released

3

Kubeer

Kubeer

63 KVA Distribution Transformer is to be erected which was shifted by NPDCL and power supply to be released.

4

Nighwa

Kubeer

11 KVA Line about 10 poles - Theft occurred this has to be re-erected and power supply to be released.

5

Mategaon

Bhainsa

Power supply to be released

6

Surdapur

Kerameri

L.T Poles were broken for stage-I & II this has to be rectified and power supply is to be released

7

Beeravelly

Sarangapur

Power supply to be released

8

Andavally

Kagaznagar

Power supply to be released (Beneficiaries not deposited CC Charges

9

Nandiguda

Kagaznagar

11 KV line is removed from the L.I.Scheme.  This has to be re-erected and supply to be restored.

10

Kowtha

Mudhole

Power supply to be released

11

Gangapur

Rebbena

Power supply to be released (Community not paid CC Charges)

 

The beneficiaries of above 11 L.I Schemes have given consent to maintain the schemes after its revival and also to deposited 3,19,000/- towards the community contribution charges equivalent for one crop season and Rs.51,87,477/- towards CIF amount additional funds are provided from velugu.  Remaining among Rs.62,34,000/- towards provision as per G.O APSIDC.

 

Schemes which are being taken with G.O Amount.

12

Kuchlapur

Boath

Power supply to be released

13

Kappardevi

Talamadugu

Power supply to be released

14

Kajjarla

Talamadugu

Power supply to be released

15

Buddhikonda

Neradigonda

Power supply to be released

 

Above 4 lift irrigation schemes, beneficiaries are deposited  Rs.46,094/- towards community contribution charges.  Regarding these 4 lift irrigation’s initially community are not interested to pay the contribution charges because there previous experience.  They are not believed to APSIDC .  After CC , APM involvement , mobilised the community on lift irrigation schemes and focus on pending electrical charges.  After CCs intervention all SHG members and water user association members come forward and deposited the contribution charges.

 

INTERVENTION ON SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD OF LIFT IRRIGATION

 

Institution Building and Capacity Building:

¨      Formation of societies through self help groups and water user association.

¨      Formation of CBOs and committees.

§         Repairs and Electricity committee

§         Water Management Committee

§         Financial Management Committee

§         Operational and Management Committee

 

Training’s:

§         Orientation training for water user association on society Concept.

§         Training on sustainable livelihoods to VO/WUA on Self  Management

§         Operational Management Skills.

 

CONSTRUCTION OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS UNDER SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE COMPONENT IN DPIP-ADILABAD

 

Social Infrastructure Component is the most important part in the Community Investment Fund. The impact of the Sub-Project on the way of life of the community.  It also examines the social equity aspect especially for poor, children & women.

 

Total 306 Schools are not having own buildings in Adilabad District, out of these 235 school buildings have sanctioned from District Poverty Initiatives Project Adilabad.  Accordingly 171 school buildings from TPMU under 63 school buildings from DPMU to village Organisations through Social CIF Components.  Out of these 70 school buildings, 47 school buildings are sanctioned and 47 buildings works are in progress under DPMU-Adilabad and 140 school buildings are completed and 31 school building works under progress in TPMU Mandals,  executing and monitoring of school buildings by VO and Panchayathraj department. During this experience VO gain management skill and Girl Child Education and child labor education would be improved.

     

Total 235 schools, out of these 47 DPIP Schools and 188 GVVKs Schools are sanction from DPIP under Social Infrastructure component. Total Rs.  2,11,20,000/- towards CIF amount and 35,22,000/- towards Community contribution charges. 

 

Sl. No

Type of Schools

No. of Sanctioned Schools

Total Cost

Community contribution

CIF Cost

Remarks

1.

DPEP

47

77,22,000/-

7,02,000/-

70,20,000/-

5Schools  Under progress remaining to be started

2.

GVVKs

188

1,69,20,000/-

28,20,000/-

1,41,00,000/-

140 schools   Completed. remaining  under progress

TOTAL:

235

2,46,42,000/-

35,22,000/-

2,11,20,000/-

 

 

Rs.2,11,20,000/- in words two crors eleven lakhs and twenty thousand only. Towards CIF Component.

 

Fisheries  - An Intervention By Velugu, Adilabad:

 

Fisheries is one of the sustainable livelihood for rural poor it increases the employment and man days with a view to exploit all the water with qualitative fish seed for livelihood of poor fishermen. As a part of Velugu project has taken a stride for development of fish culture & to create employment to the fishermen.

 

Strategy

¨      Providing Technical training to the Fisherman with the help of FDO

¨      Clarification of inland water source, Classification and characteristic of fisheries

¨      Breed improvement

¨      Fish seed production in nursery

¨      Cultivation of Fishpond

¨      Forward  & backward linkages

 

Process

·        Identification of fisheries activist

·        Identification of perennial tanks based on survey

·        Identification of fisherman’s and fishery societies 

·        Orientation work shop conducted by FDO for fishermen 

·        Method of Fish seed dropped in Tanks 

·        Fish seed production in nursery,

·        Identification of Male &Female breed 

·        Technical training on   Cultivation of fishpond

·        Exposure Visit and given practical knowledge through demonstration  

 

Impact

Identified 72 major irrigation tanks and 66.30 lakhs fish seed dropped above tanks covered in 24 mandals of the project area. Total CIF component sanctioned 10.04 Lakhs covering 1052 beneficiaries in the project.                      

 

 

Sl.No

No.of Mandals

No.of tanks

No.of Fish seed dropped

(in lakhs)

No.of Beneficiaries

SGSY Fund

(in lakhs)

BC package Fund

CIF-SP
 

 Total Seasonal income gain

1

24

72

75.30

1052

1.39

lakhs

0.76

7.90

30.12  (per capita 2863/)

 

After Velugu intervention the fishermen are aware on systematic fish production, improved their marketing skills and self-management through the integrated approach.   

 

 RCL

 

Issues and methodologies adopted and achievements including recoveries, A/c systems, Monitoring mechanisms, RCL activities through:

a)                  Open Market Purchase       :   1600000.00 (DPMU)

b)                  Civil Supply Department     :       22026.50 (DPMU)

                                                                          24188.86 (TPMU)

                                                                          46215.16  ( Dist )

 

BEST PRACTICE / SUCCESS STORIES / CHALLENGES.

 

Helping hand to Soya farmers

IKP, while lending a helping hand to the poorest of the poor to achieve self sustainability along with eradication of poverty, supports Soya farmers of Adilabad district. At a time when the farmers are not getting a remunerative price for their produce IKP has established Procurement centers and trying to have the farmers get a remunerative price. IKP was , during the last year, able to render a remunerative price for the farmers of many mandals in its Tribal Project Management Unit (TPMU) area. With that inspiration, this year, IKP has started procurement centers in many mandals of its District Project Mnagement Unit (DPMU) area.

As a result of this initiative 16 Procurement centers are in place in five villages of Adilabad constituency under DPMU. These centers are being managed by the respective Village Organisaions (VOs). For this management activity IKP has givenRs.39,40,700 from the Community Investment Fund(CIF) to these VOs. The target procurement this year is set to 5000 quintals through all the 16 centers. AS of now these centers are able to procure 3,028 quintals and reaching the target very fast. The significant thing is that they are able to reach this much procurement in a month's period only.

Procurement centers are established at Tantoli and Pochera villages in Adilbad mandal. The VO that manages the center at Tantoli has got Rs.2,18,400 from CIF. The center has procured 252 quintals of Soya so far. The center(WHICH CENTER ? OR ANY OTHER?) has got Rs.2,18,600 as loan for the management of the center and procured 206 quintals. The center is ready for the second round of procurement.

 

Procurement center are also started at Kapri, Deepaiguda, Gimma, Pipparwada, Ada, Jainadh in Jainadh mandal. Chaitanya VO, which manages te center at Kari has taken Rs.2.65 lakhs from CIF. It has taken Rs.35,000 in addition o the CIF from VO and started procurement of Soya. The VO has till now procured 312 quintals of Soya with an expenditure of Rs.3,71,053. It as stored 70 quintals out of the total procurement in the CWC godown and availed aloan to the tune of 70% of he cost under Rythubandhu scheme. Marketing officials have handed over a cheque for an amount of Rs.1.59 lakhs under this scheme. The VO has decided to go on with further procurement with this money.

The procurement center at Deepaiguda has got a loan of Rs.2,63,500 and procured 210 quintals of Soya. The center at Jainadh has procured 236 quintals with a loan of Rs.2.70 lakhs. In the same way the VO that manages the center at Pipparwada has got Rs.2.65 lakhs as loan. The center at Gimma has procured 235 quintals with a loan of 2.70 lakhs. The center at Ada has got Rs.2.38 lakhs as loan and procured 148 quintals so far.

Two procurement center are started in Talamadugu mandal, one at Devapur and the other at Sunkidi. Devapur center has got Rs.2.44 lakhs under CIF and procured 550 quintals of Soya. Sunkidi center has got Rs.2,18,600 and procured 16 quintals of Soya till now.

These centers are also established at Masala (B), Awalpur, Bela villages in Bela mandal. Masala(B) center has got Rs.2.65 lakhs under CIF and 125 quintals so far. The VO that manages the center at  Awalpur with an amount of Rs.2.49 lakhs has so far procured 75 quintals of Soya. Bela  procurement center is established with an amount of Rs.2.49 lakhs and it has procured 211 quintals of Soya.

The main aim of these centers is to have the farmers get a remunerative price. But, these centers have turned the women who used to go for daily labour into business women. If procurement centers are established on these same lines for the other produces also and provide remunerative prices the lives of the farmers who are in distress will be brighter.

Grabbing the opportunity

The members of Devapur VO of Adilabad district have proved how to make use of the opportunity that comes in the way and earned Rs.2000 within no time. Bhavani VO of devapur village had printed new year calendars and sold them away.

The members decided to take up a new experiment and took up publication of new year calendars immediately. They had invested Rs.10,000 and got 2000 calendars printed specially. They had sold each calendar at the rate of Rs.6 and earned Rs.12,000 and bagged a profit of Rs.2,000.

They had set an example by utilising the opportunity at hand  and earning Rs.2,000 within no time.

The taste of 'tea'

Many women groups in Adilabad district are setting an example by achieving self sustainability with help of IKP. These groups are striving to achieve empowerment and self reliance for women. Each and every women is making savings and through this activity they are forging ahead financially and socially. Each group with a membership of 10 to 20 is participating in social activities along with its normal savings, loans and economic development activities.

The VO of a remote village Timmapur in  Kuntala mandal of Nirmal division of Adilabad district has set an example for this. All the 11 Self Help Groups (SHGs) in the village have federated as one VO. Each member of the every SHG ahs contributed an amount of Rs.500 to see that the VO forge ahead in earning substantial amounts. They have invested the total amount of Rs.5,500 in a business. All the 195 members of the SHGs have decided to sell tea powder which is an essential commodity for them and bag profits. All the members decided to buy tea powder first. They have contacted the dealer for Gemini tea and bought 250 gr packs for Rs.33 each. They have sold the same at the MRP  of Rs.39.50 to each and every member in the VO. As a result the VO has bagged a profit of Rs.682.50. All members are satisfied with the profits got after deducting the costs for sale. In addition the VO sold the vermicelli packs which came free with each tea pack to the members at its MRP i.e. Rs.6 each. Thus the VO has bagged an additional income of Rs.1170. The total profit of the VO stands at Rs.1852.50.

Having realized that a commodity purchased directly from the dealer will fetch profits the VO has decided to purchase essential commodities from the dealers and sell. This procedure has gained popularity with the nearby VOs and they are on the way to follow the same. The VO of Timmapur which has shown the way to the other VOs is being exclaimed by one and all.

 

SRM

 

Scaling strategies, collaborations.

 

Any Other issues.

 

A brief description of any other issue specific to the district

 

LIVELIHOOD INTERVENTIONS:

 

I. NTFP:

 

The main objective of promotion of NTFP as livelihood is

1.      To ensure optimum utilization of resources

2.      To generate employment opportunities to the poor tribals in lean season.

3.      To transfer technical knowledge on NTFP collection, extraction, cultivation by maintaining quality control using local resources in drying storage and transportation.

4.      To increase the income by creating market.

5.      To develop the Para Professional (Village Botanists)

6.      To develop the collective markets through co-operative and prevent middlemen.

 

To achieve the above objectives VELUGU has developed a strategy on NTFP collection & marketing in Adilabad. A random survey was conducted and potential areas were identified in procurement of NTFP commodities namely:

(1)   Lac  (2) Gum Decomali (3) Brooms (4) Tussar (5) Mohva flower (6) Pongamia seed

(7) Cleaning nuts (8) Nuxvomica

To identify the best practitioners and build the capacities on identified products and impart modern technical knowledge to

Ø      Training of NTFP collectors and cultivators on collection, extraction, cultivation and collective trading.

Ø      Formation of co-operative and providing marketing tie-ups.

Ø      Providing the modern tools and transfer of legal knowledge to tribals.

Ø      Institutional tie-ups ILRI, Ranchi on LAC (Velugu intervened in LAC commodity on collection, cultivation by providing capacity building)

Ø      Establishing external market linkages.

A) Lac:

Lac Survey – Exploring the opportunities in Adilabad District.

Adilabad district is having large forest area and 25 lakh Lac host trees are available in the district.  Lac products are having high economic value and exported to many countries.  During the last 20 years the Lac cultivation is meager due to lack of knowledge among the tribals about its economic value. Knowing the vast potential of Lac in the District, Velugu has decided to make interventions in Lac cultivation to increase the income levels of the poor tribals.

 

As a first step, Community Coordinators have been asked to identify tribal youth who are in the business of LAC collection from so many years in the mandals where LAC is widely available.  Accordingly, 33 tribal youth have been identified and sent to Indian Lac Research Institute, Ranchi from 18-2-2002 to 23-2-2002 for one week training on qualitative collection of LAC, grading, processing and other modern techniques of LAC cultivation.  Another batch of officials from DPIP, Forest, GCC & ITDA have been sent to Ranchi for getting training from 25-2-2002 to 27-2-2002 for three day training on Lac who in turn will act as key resource persons in the district for giving training to local tribals.  Lac rich potential mandals have been selected in the first phase where tribal youth will be identified who are interested in LAC cultivation and will be given proper training on LAC collection and marketing aspects.  Forest officials have agreed to give tree pattas to tribals to prevent immature cutting of LAC host trees.

 

 Resources survey has been conducted with the help of Botanists & Village Botanist and identified the potential mandals.  Now Lac Inoculation is being taken in all potential mandals.  Allotment of host trees and demarcations has been done.  Necessary Capacity Building has been given to lac farmers regarding scientific cultivation with least investment.  This activity would be supporting the poor tribals as subsidiary occupation.

 

Before Velugu intervention, lac was being collected in traditional way, and sold out at least rate of Rs.20/- to 30/- per kg.  Now Velugu has made a market tie-up with export trader from Kolkata. Till date 250 qtls of stick lac is being procured and sold at the rate of Rs72/- per kg. And total net profit of Rs. 3,60,000 is achieved.

 

Target:-

S.No.

Trees to be Inoculated

Families to be Covered

Mandals to be Covered

Per Capita Income

1

10,00,000

10000

32

5000-10,000

 

Achievement:-

      Sl.

No.

Season/Year of Inoculation

Trees inoculated

Poor Families covered

Mandals covered

Per Capital Income Generated

Stick Lac procured in Qtls

No.of VOs. Involved

Sales Turn Over in

Rs. Lakhs.

1

Jul - 02

25000

950

15

2000

32

15

35.00

2

Nov - 02

100000

1050

3000

38

45

3

July/Aug-2003

350000

3000

5000

180

76

4

Nov/Dec-2003

170000

2050

7

85

5

July 2004

250000

2980

32

140

6

Nov/Dec-2005

100000

1500

32

153

Total

995000

11530

32

153

              Action Plan for the Year 2005-06:-

S.No

Season/Year of Inoculation

Trees to be inoculated

Families to be covered

New Mandals to be covered

1

Nov/Dec-2005

100000

1000

5

 

Total:

100000

1000

5

 

B)                Gum Decomoli (Gardenia Gummiffera) :

It is a monopoly item of GCC in Adilabad district found in eastern part having a potential of approximate 5000 qtls. The average collection before Velugu intervened was 25-30 qtls. only.  The tribals lacked the technical knowledge of collection and were also dubbed by the middlemen who offered very low rate. This led to non-collection of the product & migration for want of work.

 

After the study & survey taken up by Velugu it intervened. The SHGs were formed were imparted Institutional Capacity building & up gradation of existing skill training for the NTFP collection. It provided the marketing tie-up with GCC in 3 mandals of Chennur block i.e., Nennal, Kotapally & Vemanpally.  Procurement centers were opened, where the produce was collected & marketed. The marketing tie-up for the above commodity is with Natural Remedies Pvt. Ltd., Bangalore, who has come forward to purchase @ Rs.20/- per kg. Where as the GCC was offering only Rs.12/- per Kg.

 

C) Brooms:

The eastern region of the district is rich in collection of wild brooms. The tribals of that region were engaged in broom collection since time immemorial. Because of their simple nature, and ignorance, were exploited by middlemen, and money lenders. Though the purchase of brooms was the monopoly of the GCC but did not get involved in this trade. 

 

For this activity 500 tribal families were involved and used to sell @Rs.1.50 to 2.50 per piece. But after the formation of the SHGs & Village Organisations, lot of awareness was generated. Subsequently the price of the broom went up to Rs.3 to 4. The group procured four lakh brooms in 4 mandals and sold it for 14 lakhs with a low investment of Rs.6.64 lakhs with net profit of Rs.29,000/-.

 

D)  Tussar:

Chennur mandal is famous for Tussar production in the state. The bad scenario is lack of marketing. Velugu has made pre-production, post production interventions through (Rice Credit Line) and collective marketing tie-ups with open market. Directly with this activity VELUGU could reach out to 600 poor tribal families in 5 mandals. With the direct benefit of Rs.6.50 lakhs for the tribals. VELUGU is also working in Coordination with Sericulture Department, in capacity building and value addition. The poor tribal SHG Women were trained in reeling. This activity creates working days and increases the income to the poor tribal women. The value of the raw cocoon will also go up with the interventions made by Velugu.

 

Velugu has imparted existing skill upgradation training in covergence with Sericulture Department and is under the process to procure infrastructure like reeling & spinning machines to the weavers community, formed into groups. Further encouragement provided from state government, agreed to provide 25% subsidy, silk board 25%, 40% through CIF as grant and 10% Community Contribution to commissioning the machinery where 11 Reeling Machines and 6 Spinning Machines have been sanctioned under CIF sub-projects.

 

E) Home Herbal Kitchen Garden:

The Home Herbal Kitchen Garden concept is popularly known as “Home stead Garden”. Its main objectives are to minimize the expenditure on health and vegetables by BPL families and make them to utilize the existing available resources of land, water and labour effectively. VELUGU has intervened in mobilization, motivation of the communities (BPL families) and laisioning between the community and Developmental Departments (Horticulture & Agriculture).

 

Objectives of the HHKG Concept:

Ø      To ensure optimum utilization of the land, water and time by the BPL families.

Ø      To minimize the expenditure on purchasing of the vegetables and to increase their income by selling the vegetables.

Ø      To minimize the expenditure on health and utilize the effective working days for getting more wage labour through using of herbal plants available in the doorstep.

Ø      To revitalize the traditional knowledge and resource for the betterment of the BPL families.

Ø      To increase the nutritional standards through using of fruits and vegetables within the house.

S.No

Financial year

No.of mandals

No. of BPL Families covered

Percapita income generated in Rupees.

1

2003-04

6

4045

2300

2

2004-05

5

5000

2500

3

2005-06

10

2000

1500

 

 

F) Green House

This is one of the vegetable cultivation by scientific method. The main objectives of the Green House are

·        To increase the productivity

·        To utilize the land, water and labour effectively

·        To produce the market based Vegetables

·        To reach the PoPs to create the employment and bring them out of poverty

 

Velugu had the dialogue with the Horticulture Department on imparting technical knowledge to the poor families for establishing GREEN HOUSES for cultivation of Vegetables in commercial way. The total cost for each Green House is Rs.2.25 lakhs, where Horticulture Department sanctioned as grant Rs.1.00 lakh, Velugu has given under CIF Rs.1,12,500/- and Community Contribution is Rs.12,500/-. In Chennur mandal total 12 Green House has been sanctioned and the installation of work is under progress. The pre-condition to implement these units are:

·        Beneficiary should be PoP

·        Should have common understand to execute the work

·        Should have 5 cents of land

·        Throughout year water facility should be made available

·        Should be work distribution

·        Should be near to market

 

The expected income with this activity would be Rs.10,000/- per family, it would be incremental in every year. The total Out reach is 200 PoP families in the district.

 

2. COLLECTIVE MARKETING:

Identification of Problems:

It has been realized while conducting LEAPS and subsequent value chain analysis of different commodities across the district apart from many other gaps in the whole value chain, producers lose a greater part due to various market related abnormalities.  The following problems are noticed.

1)      Trader /Middle men exploitation.

2)      Exploitation on purchase of seeds on credit basis.

3)      Payment of high interest rate.

4)      Non-availability of quality seeds for sowing.

5)      Delay in sowing.

6)      Monopoly of the middle men to purchase the produce at lower rate.

 

Plan of Action:

 

Taking above problems into consideration it was suggested to give Agri-inputs to the SHGs/VOs under Community Investment Fund and these members would collect the product at village level sell the commodity collectively. With this thought collective marketing concept was introduced in the community among the VOs.  The VO shall purchase the commodity either at the market rate after deducting the overheads and the commodity collected is stored at Central Warehouse Corporation or collection center.  Depending upon the fluctuations of the market price the commodity is sold.

 

In the last two years of the project various such interventions have taken place in Adilabad District (Soya bean and Red Gram marketing interventions) and in Collective marketing of many NTFP products.  The interventions have been successful to a greater extent in realizing better market prices and transferring technical knowledge to the community on commodity marketing and its handling.

 

Preparation of Marketing Action Plan:-

 

1)      Preliminary Identification of Commodities – Volume / No.of beneficiaries.

2)      Value Chain analysis and Risk Analysis.

3)      Market Survey.

4)      Finalization of Commodities.

5)      Identification of Mandal / Villages / Groups.

6)      Preparation of Marketing Strategy.

7)      Establish market-tracking mechanism.

8)      Fund flow / requirement analysis.

9)      Open dialogue with banks.

10)   Preparation of Sub Projects (Business plan, CBA, Volume).

11)   Preparation of detailed Operational plan – Procedures, systems, transparency (Procurement, Payment, Storage, Marketing, Accounting, Price Fixation – Purchase /Sales, Commercial Activity etc).

12)   Selection and training of group members for specific tasks  (weighment, procurement, warehousing, record keeping, logistic, etc.,) – Which is responsible for what?

13)   Working out grading and quality parameters.

14)   Working out procurement and sales price fixation mechanism.

15)   Establish   Bank linkages.

16)   Finalization of logistic arrangements (Warehouse, transportation, insurance, etc),

17)   Procurement of Gunny bags, tarpaulins, weighing scale and other consumables.

18)   Activity starts.

 

Soya Bean:

In the year 2002 initiative was taken for procurement of Soya Bean on collective basis in the project area. With the favourable results achieved the activity was expanded to other mandals in the project.  The Village Organisations have collectively procured 18855.00 Quintals of Soya Bean with a profit of Rs. 36.55 lakh. It was an excellent marketing intervention initiated with the community to curb middlemen involvement in exploiting the poor tribal and acquires the profit directly.

 

Procurement details - Soya Bean

Year

Procurement

Sale Value (in Rs.)

Profit (in Rs.)

Qtls.

Value (in Rs.)

2002-03

2772.00

30.49

36.04

5.55

2003-04

16083.00

201.00

232.00

31.00

2004-05

24500.00

294.00

330.00

36.00

Total:

43355.00

525.49

594.04

72.55

 

 

Red Gram:

With the success achieved in the Collective procurement of Soya Bean DPIP (Velugu) has started Collective Marketing intervention with one more commodity -Red Gram.  The activity started in the TPMU & DPMU project areas.  They have procured 6766.73 quintals of Red Gram with a value of 111.22 lakhs earning a profit of Rs.6.73 lakhs. This is a direct profit to the community. The following are the details of red gram procurement:

Procurement details - Redgram

Year

Procurement

Sale Value (in Rs.)

Profit (in Rs.)

Qtls.

Value (in Rs.)

2002-03

 1300.00 .50

19.30

20.43

1.13

2003-04

5466.23

91.92

97.55

5.60

2004-05

10000.00

150.00

162.00

12.00

Total:

16766.73

261.22

117.98

18.73

 

Indirect Benefits from the Marketing Interventions:

 

Weighing Benefits:  All the local traders/middlemen resort to improper weighing of the commodities they buy from the producers directly.  The extent of exploitation varies from commodity to commodity and from one geographical area to other.  It also depends on how much the producer is dependent on the trader to sell his/her commodity.  The under weighment ranges from 5% - 15% of the total quantity weighed.  In the marketing Interventions, weighing balances are provided to the community to weigh themselves.

 

Saving on Driage Loss and other deductions:  While buying the commodities from the producers, traders/middlemen levy certain charges to cover up driage loss and loss due to impurities.  These are either in kind (Taking additional 4-5 Kgs per quintal of commodity purchased) or in cash (deducting a fix amount per quintal from the total payment to be made to producer).  These practices are standard across all the commodities and across all the geographical areas.  These charges are actually high.  In the marketing intervention VO also levies these charges but these are around 50% less than what is levied by middlemen.

 

Enhanced price:  The price received by the producers is less than the prevailing market price in the nearest big/reference market.  But the difference is always more than it should be.  Because of the marketing interventions taken up by VOs themselves the difference between nearest market price and farm gate price is reduced.

 

Cash Payment:  Traders generally do not pay the whole amount at the time of purchase. After some down payment rest of the amount is paid in installments or at a later stage without interest.  In case of full down payment traders deduct some amount as discount.  In the marketing interventions VOs pay the whole amount to the producers at the time of purchase.

 

Saving on Transportation and other personal expenses:  Villagers incur transportation cost for their produce and for themselves when they go to sell their produce in the nearby local market.  They also pay some hamali and weighing charges at market yards.  Personal expenses on food and other items are also incurred for the day.  VO doing the procurement, the individual saves all these expenses.

 

Saving on one day wage labour:  Producers spend their whole day for selling their produce in the nearby market resulting into loss of one day wage labour.  Wherein, procurement centers being in the village, the wage labour for one day is saved by the producers.