INDEX

 

Sl. No

Content

Page No

1

Chapter 1 : Organizational & Institutional Profile

 

2

Chapter 2:  The Mandate

 

3

Chapter 3:  Achievements

 

4

Chapter 4:  The perspective plan

 

5

Chapter 5:  Expected outputs

 

6

Chapter 6 : Outcomes

 

 

Annexure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER I

ORGANIZATIONAL & INSTITUTIONAL PROFILE:

 

 

Brief details of the programmes implemented D.W.M.A Nellore:-

 

 

The main function of the District Water Management Agency is to implement Watershed programme in the district. The Watershed programme aims at increasing the productivity of degraded and waste lands and improving the quality of life of the poor. In order to ensure effective implementation of Watershed programme and for co-ordinating all the efforts for water conservation, the Government have set up the District Water Management Agencies in 11 Non-DPAP districts in  September 2001. The project Director will act as   Head of the office. The District Collector is  Chairman for the District Water Management Agency.  The other functions of this Agency are implementation of APWALTA, APMIP and Comprehensive Land Development Project. The works will be executed by Project Implementing Agencies  through Watershed committees.

          The D.W.M.A office is situated in the Dr. B.R. Ambedhakar Samkshema Bhavan , the building is constructed by D.R.D.A rental charges have not paid to D.R.D.A.

 

 

Details of posts (office & staff)

S.No.

Name of the
Employee

Designation

Department

Date of joining

Vacant since

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

1

Sri M.Ravindra Babu,

Project Director

Revenue

 7.11.2005

--

2

Vacant

Administrative Officer

--

--

10.5.2005

3

Sri R. Arun Kumar

APO, (Accounts)

Co-operative

26.11.2004

--

4

Vacant

APO, (M&E)

--

--

8.7.2005

5

Vacant

A.C.F.,

--

--

31.10.2003

6

Vacant

A.D. (Agrl.)

--

--

5.10.2001

7

Sri T. Gangadhra Rao

Dy.E.E.

I & CAD

1.2.2005

--

8

Vacant

F.R.O.

--

--

5.10.2001

9

Vacant

Agrl. Officer /
Horticulture Officer

--

--

5.10.2001

10

Sri K.Raveendra Babu

A.E.E.,

SC SC Society Ltd.,

.1.3.2002

--

11

Vacant

A.C.F.,

--

--

30.6.2004

12

B.Padmavathamma

A.D. (Horti.)

Horticulture Dept.

8.7.2005

5.10.2001

13

Vacant

Dy.E.E.

--

--

29.6.2005

14

Vacant

F.R.O.

--

--

5.10.2001

15

R.Rama Mohan

Horticulture Officer

Horti.

20.8.2004

--

16

Vacant

A.E.E.,

--

--

3.4.2005

17

K.V.Ramanaiah

Superintendent

Revenue

4.3.2004

--

18

Vacant

Superintendent

--

--

5.10.2001

19

Vacant

Superintendent

--

--

5.10.2001

20

Vacant

Dy.S.O.,

--

--

5.10.2001

21

Asst. Scientific Officer

 

--

--

5.10.2001

22

V.Rama Mohan

Senior Acct.

Co-operative

4.1.2002

--

23

M. Mohan Krishna

Senior Acct.

Co-operative

21.12.2004

--

24

Vacant

Senior Acct.

--

--

5.10.2001

25

S.V.Ranga Prasad

Senior Asst.,

Revenue

24.7.2002

--

26

P.L.Narasimham

Senior Asst.,

Revenue

3.4.2003

--

27

P. Srinivasulu

Senior Asst.,

Revenue

3.12.2003

--

28

K.Nagaraja Lakshmi

Senior Asst.,

Revenue

18.8.2004

--

29

P.Anuradha

Senior Asst.,

Revenue

31.12.2004

--

30

B Absalom Rao

Senior Asst.,

Revenue

8.6.2005

--

31

Vacant

Senior Asst.,

--

--

5.10.2001

32

Vacant

Senior Asst.,

--

--

5.10.2001

33

Vacant

Senior Steno

--

--

5.10.2001

34

Vacant

Cartographer

--

--

5.10.2001

35

T.Hanumantha Rao

Draughtsman

SC SC Society Ltd.,

1.12.2001

--

36

Vacant

Draughtsman

--

--

5.10.2001

37

Vacant

Tracer

--

--

5.10.2001

38

P.Vinay Kumar Reddy

Junior Asst.,

Sericulture Deptt.,

5.10.2001

--

39

Vacant

Junior Asst.,

--

--

5.10.2001

40

Vacant

Junior Asst.,

--

--

5.10.2001

41

Vacant

Data Entry Operator

--

--

5.10.2001

42

Vacant

Driver

--

--

5.10.2001

43

Vacant

Driver

--

--

5.10.2001

44

Vacant

Attender

--

--

5.10.2001

45

Vacant

Attender

--

--

5.10.2001

46

Vacant

Attender

--

--

5.10.2001

47

Vacant

Attender

--

--

5.10.2001

48

Vacant

Attender

--

--

5.10.2001

49

Vacant

Attender

--

--

5.10.2001

50

Vacant

Messenger

--

--

5.10.2001

51

Vacant

Messenger

--

--

5.10.2001

 

                             A Total number of posts 51 are sanctioned for two MDTs and for office of D.W.M.A , Nellore, out of 51 sanctioned posts 17 posts are filled on deputation from various departments. The remaining 34 posts are vacant.

 

Details of Field Staff

MDT I

Sl. No

Name

Designation

Date of joining

1

M . Shameer Hussain

WDT Eng. & WDT leader

16.9.2000

2

G. Maheswara Rao

WDT Eng member

1.5.2005

3

P Venkata subbaiah

WDT Eng member

1.5.2003

4

Md Bahamthulla Khan

Tech Asst.

4.5.2005

5

D Vijaya Rathnam

Social Mobilizer

5.8.2003

6

D Srinivasulu

Social Mobilizer

10.5.2004

 

MDT - II

Sl. No

Name

Designation

Date of joining

1

V Chandrasekar

WDT Eng member

20.4.1998

2

A Sathishkumar

WDT Eng member

28.4.1998

3

B Kishore

WDT Eng member

15.9.1998

4

P Sunilkumar

WDT Eng member

10.4.2000

5

A Srinivasulu

Tech Asst

 

6

P Hajarathiah

WDT leader

10.2.1999

7

M Laxminarasaiah

WDT member

 

8

M Peddanna

WDT member

 

 

Details of G.O. PIA s :

Sl.No.

Name of the GO PIA

Name of PIA

Designation

No. of water sheds.

1

Sri T. Gangadhara Rao

Sri T. Gangadhara Rao

Dy. Executive Engineer

5

2

Sri K. Raveendra Babu

Sri K. Raveendra Babu

Asst. Executive Engineer

12

3

Sri R. Rama Mohan

Sri R. Rama Mohan

Horticulture Officer

19

 

Text Box: Chittoor District Map

 

Organizational & Institutional Profile

Chapter 2: THE MANDATE

District Profile                               

NELLORE DISTRICT PROFILE

 

LOCATION:

Nellore is the southern most coastal district of Andhra Pradesh bordering Tamilnadu.  The tract dealt with generally lies between the North Latitudes of 130 30 and 150  06 and the East longitudes 700 05 and 800 15.  The district is covered in S.I. Sheet NOS. 57M, 57N, 570, 66A,66B and 66C.  The district comprises the entire area sprawling north and south of the River Pennar.  The district is bounded on the east by the Bay of Bengal, on the south by the Tamilnadu state and partly the Chittoor revenue district, and on the west by the Veligonda hills range which separates it from Cuddapah and Kurnool Revenue districts and on the North by Prakasam revenue District.  The area falls in No.III Agro-Climatic zone of the State.

 

AREA:

The geographical area of Nellore district is 13,076.00 Sq.Km and the forest area in the district is 2677.7242 Sq.Km including 9731.13 Ha of Telugu Ganga Project compensatory afforestation areas, which work out to 19.2% of area of the district.  The population of the district as per the 2001 census is 26.77 lakhs.  It consists of three revenue divisions namely Kavali, Nellore and Gudur divided into 46 Mandals, Kavali revenue division consisting of 18 Mandals, Nellore 12mandals and Gudur 16 Mandals. The density of population is 182 per Sq.km.  The population in the towns of the district is 6.03 lakhs which is 22.53% of the population and the population in the villages is 20.74 lakhs which is 77.47% of the population.  The Schedule Caste population in the district is 5.87 lakhs, which is 21.95% of the population.  The schedule Tribe population in the district is 2.42 lakhs, which is 9.05% of the population.

 

RIVERS

The principal rivers in the district are pennar in the centre, the Kandaleru the Swarnamukhi and Kalangi rivers in the South and the Manneru in the North. All these rivers flow from west to east and drain into Bay of Bangal.  These are not perennial rivers.  All these rivers usually get dry for a major part of the year and carry heavy floods during the rainy season whenever there is heavy rainfall.  Surface water utilization in the district is mainly through tanks and irrigation canals.  There are about 827 Irrigation department tanks and 932 Zilla  Parishat tanks commanding an ayacut area of 1,12,220 Ha as against the area of 93,343 Ha irrigated by canals.

TELUGU GANGA PROJECT:

Telugu ganga Project has been taken up in the year   and completed for taking water from Krishna River at Pothureddipadu (Kurnool District) in Andhra Pradesh to Chennai in Tamilnadu through an open canal covering over 400 Kms.     The above canal has been connected to Pennar river at Somasila where a barrage has been constructed across the river Pennar to store water. The water from here has been taken through an open canal to Kandaleru reservoir and from there to Chennai. This canal system passing through the south of Pennar passes through project I areas. Under the compensatory afforestation project under Forest Conservation Act 1980 an area of 9731.13Ha. given as compensatory area in Nellore District has been treated and afforested.  

 

TOPOGRAPHY:

The district is generally flat and of low elevation and forms part of Karnatic plains.  It generally raises from Bay of Bengal to Veligonda hills which run in North-West direction from South of Venkatagiri.  The eastern portions of the district are fairly fertile and prosperous. The western portions comprise wide stretches of barren country (wastelands) containing less number of villages. The sandy coastal belt extends from the sea for 5 to 6 kms into the interior.  There are numerous backwaters along the coast and the best known among them is Pulicat lake.  Towards the extreme South-East is the island of Sriharikota, a rocket launching station which is a low sandy track lying between Pulicat Lake and the sea.

RAINFALL:

The average annual rainfall in the district is 1041 mm (South-West monsoon 430mm, North-East monsoon 611mm).  The Meteorological Research Centre, Pune has analysed the rainfall figures in the district from 1901 to 1970 (70 years) and found the average rainfall in the district as 982MM.  Both the South-West and North East monsoons contribute to the rainfall of the district.  The rain from South-West monsoon is received between June to September and it is precarious.  The principal rainfall is received during the North-East monsoon between October to December.  Roughly 29% of the rainfall is received during the South-West monsoon from June to September while the rainfall received during the North-East monsoon forms about 71%.  The total no. of rainy days in a year is about 45 days.    The district with its long seacoast is vulnerable to Cyclones, gale and storms caused by the formation of depressions in the Bay of Bengal during North-East monsoon month.

TEMPERATURE:

The hottest month is May and the average daily maximum temperature is 39.60C and the average minimum temperature is 200C.  The temperature gradually increases from January to May and with the onset of South-West monsoon the temperature gradually reduces. 

HUMIDITY:

The air is humid throughout the year in the coastal parts. The driest part of the year is from May to August when the humidity on an average is between 60 and 68.5%.  The relative humidity in the interior parts of the district may be slightly lower.  On average the humidity in the air is more and is about 84% to 64% in November and December months and it is less coming to 57% to 46% in the month of June. 

COASTAL LINE:

The district is having a coastal line of 165Km running from Tada bordering Tamilnadu State to Kavali.

IMPORTANT PLACES IN THE DISTRICT:

The Bharath Space Research Station (SHAR) in Sriharikota island near Sullurpeta, and Pulicat Bird Sanctuary over an extent of 600Sq.Km. and Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary covering an area of 454Ha are some of the places of attraction.

 

SOILS:

The soils occurring in the district are broadly divided into the following categories.

  1. Light soils                          i )       Sandy soils
  2. Light and hard soils              i)        Red soils

ii)        Lateritic soils

iii)       Murram soils

     3.  Heavy soils                        i)        Clayey soils

ii)        Alluvial soils

     4.  Saline and Alkaline soils

 

i)      Sandy soils : The sandy soils occur along the sea coast and in the river beds .The coastal sandy soils occur in Kavali, Nellore and Venkatagiri. 

ii)       Red  soils : The    Red   soils  area  a   characteristic   feature    of the island area and occur in all the areas of the district varying in colour from red to brown owing to the parent rock materials from which they are resulted.  Generally, they are shallow varying in depth from 0 to 1.5 Mts and often eroded.  They are generally mixed with sand, gravel loam, murram or clay.

 iii)      Lateritic soils: Where erosion is marked and the shallow top red soil is washed off, lateritic soils are exposed as in most of the areas in and around Kavali, Atmakur, Venkatagiri.  Otherwise lateritic pan is covered by a shallow top layer of red soil.        iv)      Murram soils  : These soils are essentially red soils confined to foot hills.  These red soils have large percentage of coarse sand resulted from weathering of rocks and are seen in Rapur,  Venkatagiri, Atmakur and Udayagiri areas. 

       v)    Clayey soils                Clayey soils: These are heavy soils with limited occurrence, due to local variation in topography.

       vi)    Alluvial soils                 : Alluvial soils are rare, small in extents and restricted to tanks, rivers and streams.       vii)    Saline and Alkaline soils: These soils are found mainly in coastal belt of the district in Kavali, Nellore, Venkatagiri and here and there in patches.

Thus the soils in the district are generally categorized as 23% Black soil, 43% red

soil and 34% sandy soil.

District At a glance

Sl.

No.

ITEM

UNIT

DISTRICT

1

Area

000 S. Km.

13.10

2

Population

Lakh No.

23.92

 

a) Urban

Lakh No.

5.69

 

b) Rural

Lakh No.

18.23

 

c) Urban Population as percentage of total

%

23.78

3

Density of Population

No. / Per Sq.Km.

182.00

4

No. of Inhabited Villages

Nos.

1,120.00

5

No. of Towns

Nos.

9.00

6

Literates

Lakhs Nos.

9.70

 

a) Males

Lakhs Nos.

5.97

 

b) Females

Lakhs Nos.

3.73

7

Increasing Population

Lakhs Nos

10.25

8

Scheduled Caste Population

Lakhs Nos

5.23

9

Scheduled Tribe

Lakhs Nos

2.14

10

Normal Rainfall

Cm. Ms.

982.10

11

Gross Cropped Area

Lakh Hec.

3.52

12

Net Cropped Area

Lakh Hec.

3.05

13

a) Gross Irrigation Area

Lakh Hec.

2.82

 

b) Gross Area Irrigated as percentage of total cropped area

Lakh Hec.

2.52

14

Net area Irrigation

Lakh Hec.

2.52

15

Livestock Population

Lakhs Nos

13.86

16

No. of Gross Panchayatees

No.

943.00

17

Length of Roads (Walk, KM, PWD, ZP and MP)

Km.

5,721.00

         

 

 

Brief inventory of land resources in the District:-

          The total geographical area of Nellore District is 13,07,600 Ha. The population of the district as per the 2001 census is 26.77 lakhs and the extent of wastelands is 37.61 % of the total geographical area. By implementing the watershed programme in Nellore District since 1995-96, a total area of 1,39,882 Ha has been developed.

 

Different type of land resources in the district are as detailed below:-

Geographical area                                  -         13,07,600 Ha

Forest area                                           -         2,46,400 Ha

Barren land                                           -         1,61,301 Ha

Land upto non agricultural use                   -         2,32,179 Ha

Permanent particulars                             -         1,00,016 Ha

Miscellaneous trees                                 -         17,082 Ha

Culturable waste                                    -         1,04,934 Ha  

Other fallows                                         -         85,988 Ha

Current fallows                                       -         48,635 Ha

Net area sown                                                -         2,99,812 Ha

Area sown more than once                      -         27,609 Ha

Total cropped area                                 -         3,27,421 Ha

Land with / without scrub                         -         3,235 Ha

Water logged / marshy land                     -         235 Ha

Saline / Alkaline area                               -         250 Ha

Degraded notified forest land                    -         824 Ha

Sands inland / coastal                             -         202 Ha

Barren rockey area                                 -         173 Ha

Total waste lands                                   -         4,919 Ha

 

Classification of wasteland as per watershed atlas:-

            There are 13 types of wastelands as per the clarification by wastelands Atlas of India 2000, Department of Land resources, Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India. Out of these 13 types, the categories of wastelands considered for watershed treatment are : Gullied / Ravinous land , Land with / without scrub, waterlogged / marshy land, Saline / Alkaline area and shifting cultivation area.

Mapped location of areas available Basin wise / Micro Basin wise / Mandal wise

 

          Nellore District is one of the coastal district in Andhra Pradesh. In Nellore District the following are the sub basins as detailed below:-

1.                  Manneru Sub basin

2.                  Chippaleru Sub basin

3.                  Lower Pennar Sub basin

4.                  Upputeru Sub basin

5.                  Swarnamukhi Sub basin

6.                  Kalangi Sub basin

Programme implemented by the District :

 

1.       Watershed Management :

 

                   Development of Watersheds will be taken up by integrating all the other developmental activities in the Watersheds to tackle all the problems of the Watershed Villages.

                   Area of each watershed will be about 500 Ha. covering one or more villages as per the availability of the Wastelands Treatment plans for the watershed will include all categories of lands, private and village community lands. Works to be undertaken within the project area will be decided on the basis of felt needs of village community. Emphasis will be on use of low cost, indigenous simple and easy to operate technology. Main activities include land development with soil and moisture conservation measures like gully plugging, contour and graded buds, fortified by vegetation, development of small water harvesting structures such as check dams, tanks desilting, fuel wood species afforestation, silvipasture development, avenue planting, water supply etc., Apart from involving the watershed committee Grama Panchayat will also be involved in implementation of the Watershed Development programme.

         Out of 313 Watersheds sanctioned, 277 watersheds are completed and 36 are in progress.

 

         Rs. 3147.87 lakhs was spent on completed watersheds for treating 63,399 Ha of land

 

         Proposed 12 Watersheds for treating 6000 Ha of land with a project cost Rs. 360.00 lakhs under IWDP VIII scheme.

 

Ongoing Watersheds :-

 

         Rs. 360.00 lakhs was sanctioned under IWDP V programme and Rs.137.50 lakhs was  spent for treating of 1420Ha as against Rs. 161.63 lakhs releases.

 

         Rs. 360.00 lakhs was sanctioned under IWDP VI programme and Rs.144.17 lakhs was spent for treating of 1600 Ha as against Rs 155.31 lakhs releases.

 

         Rs.360.00 lakhs was sanctioned under IWDP VII programme and Rs.101.38  lakhs was spent for treating of 1770Ha as against Rs. 155.38 lakhs releases.

 

 

INDIRA PRABHA (COMPREHENSIVE LAND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT)

 

          The main object of the project is to identify the fallow and undeveloped lands of the poor particularly the assigned and surplus lands and to develop them comprehensively by involving the beneficiaries so that they could get sustainable livelihood.  This project has been launched by Honble Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh on 19.11.2004 in Naginenigunta village of Marripadu mandal. This programme is funded by NABARD and will be implemented in two phases under RIDF IX and RIDF X in a period of 3 years.

 

          Under RIDF IX an amount of Rs. 600.00 lakhs has been sanctioned to Nellore District for implementation of C.L.D.P in 44 mandals.  So far 83 blocks have been identified in 44 mandals for development of 3422 Ha covering 7210 beneficiaries and administrative sanction has been accorded for Rs. 600.00 lakhs for all the blocks.  An amount of Rs. 100.00 lakhs was released to Nellore District during the year 2004-05 and the total amount was re-allotted to the C.I.G s the works like , Bush Clearing , Stone clearing and Land leveling are under progress.

 

          Regarding RIDF X proposals 3566.94 lakhs were submitted to the Government for implementation of CLDP in 139 blocks of 46 mandals for development of 6032 Ha covering 12,190 beneficiaries.  The government have sanctioned Rs 3566.94 lakhs under RIDF X and releases are awaited.

APWALTA

 

Old wells                                                      86308

New wells                                                    705

 

 

 

A.P. Micro Irrigation Project

          Andhra Pradesh Micro Irrigation scheme is started from November 2003. Now 3rd phase is continuing ie., for 2005-06 financial year.

          The Physical Targets allotted are Drip is 2500 Ha and Sprinkler is 800 Ha. The Financial Targets allotted 11.00 crores totally 6 micro irrigation companies ie., Jain, Parixit, Plastro, Netafim, Nagarjuna, Swathi are working in this scheme with allotted targets.  The achievements till to date are Drip is 208 Ha and Sprinkler is 328 Ha

          Awareness programme are arranged mandal & village wise to motivate the farmers in adopting Micro Irrigation methods to save water and bring more area in to cultivation with available water.

Bio-Plantation

BIO-DIESEL PLANTATION PROGRAMME 2005-2006

 

 

1.                  Nellore District is one among the ten Districts in the State selected for Bio-diesel plantation programme under Rain Shadow Areas Development (RSAD) Department.

 

2.                  Horticulture farm, Gudipallipadu was allotted to M/s. Sagar Sugars & Allied Products Ltd., for demonstration of Jatropha Nursery. The raising of Jatropha Nursery is under progress. Infrastructure facilities like Bore well and submergible pumpset with an expenditure of Rs.0.80 lakhs, were provided.

 

3.                  Jatropha Seed of a quantity of 2.00 MTS was received in 2 instalments, as per the allotment given by the Commissioner for Horticulture. The Jatropha Seed has been distributed to the following Agencies / Departments for raising seedlings.

Sl.

No.

Agency

First

Release

Kgs

Second

Release

Kgs.

Total

 

Kgs.

Nursery

details

1.

Divisional Forest Officer (T), Nellore

100

 

100

For direct sowing in VSS plantations released as per the orders of the Secretary to Govt., RSAD.

2.

M/s. Sagar Sugars & Allied Products Ltd. Nelavoya Sriranga-rajapuram (M) Chittoor Dist.

200

400

600

For Model Nursery at Gudipallipadu

3.

The DFO (SF), Nellore

100

600

700

For raising nurseries in Inkurthi & Utukur Nurseries etc.,

4

Asst. Director of Horticulture, Nellore

100

200

300

For raising nurseries in Horticulture farm at  Sarvepalli.

5

Nellorepalem Horticulture farm, Atmakur (M)

 

300

300

For raising Nurseries at Nellorepalem Atmakur (M).

4.       Nursery-wise particulars on raising of Jatropha Seedlings :

 

Sl.
No.

Name of the Agency / Department

Location of Nursery

Quantity of
Seed
received
in Kgs.

Person incharge

Date of reading of seedlings for delivery to the farmers by the end of

(in lakhs)

Village

Mandal

June

2005

July

2005

August

2005

Sep-
tember

2005

Total

I

DFO (SF), Nellore

Narasimhapuram

Nellore Rural

1st 100.

Dy.R.O., Nellore

0.30

0.50

0.20

0.00

1.00

 

 

Pinakini

Nellore Rural

Dy.R.O., Nellore

0.00

0.10

0.00

0.00

0.10

 

 

Indukurpeta

Indukurpeta

Dy.R.O., Nellore

0.00

0.25

0.00

0.00

0.25

 

 

Inukurthi

Podalakur

 

FRO, Podalakur

0.32

0.20

0.00

0.00

0.52

 

 

Kothapalem

Atmakur

2nd 600

FRO, Atmakur

0.30

0.30

0.20

0.00

0.80

 

 

Utukur

Vinjamur

FRO, Atmakur

0.05

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.05

 

 

Maddurpadu

Kavali

Dy.R.O., Kavali

0.00

0.10

0.40

0.00

0.50

 

 

 

TOTAL

600

 

0.97

1.45

0.80

0.00

3.22

II

AD (H) Nellore

HF Sarvepalli

Venkatachalam

1st 50
2nd 200

Sub Asst.,

0.32

0.25

0.20

0.10

0.87

 

 

 

TOTAL

250

 

0.32

0.25

0.20

0.10

0.87

III

M/s. Sagar Sugars Allied Products Ltd.,

H.F. Gudipallipadu

Nellore Rural

1st 200
2nd 400

Liasion Officer

0.30

0.26

1.00

1.00

2.56

 

 

 

TOTAL

600

 

0.30

0.26

1.00

1.00

2.56

IV

DWMA, Nellore

Nellorepalem

Atmakur

300

Horticulture officer

0.00

0.00

0.50

1.20

1.70

 

 

 

TOTAL

300

 

0.00

0.00

0.50

1.20

1.70

 

 

 

GRAND TOTAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.35

 


 

4.                 Budget proposals :

 An amount of Rs.5.00 lakhs  was released by the Govt. during the year 2004-2005 for raising of Jatropha Nurseries.

           For the year 2005-2006, Budget proposals for an amount of Rs.23.50 lakhs were submitted to the Govt.  for raising of Jatropha seedlings. The details are furnished below  :

 

 

 

Rupee

in lakhs

Nos.

1

Jatropha Nursery Seedlings proposed to raise from the Seed supplied

 

 

1100000

2

Amount required for raising Jatropha Nursery seedlings (11.00 lakhs x 2.20 paise)

 

2.420

 

3

For providing Infrastructure facilities at Demonstrative Nursery at Gudipallipadu Farm.

 

1.400

 

4

Conduct of trainings to create awareness of the scheme and publicity charges.

 

1.400

 

5

For vehicles providing conveyance to officers and field staff for identifying the farmers and to take up Jatropha plantations.

 

1.500

 

6

T O T A L

 

28.500

 

 

Funds released by Govt. so far

 

5.000

 

 

Net amount required and proposals submitted

 

23.500

 

 

5.      The Govt. have issued orders for providing 90% subsidy on the cost of Micro Irrigation system for Jatropha plantation vide GO.Ms.No.176 Ag & Co. (Horti.) Department dated 27.7.2004. This District has submitted a proposal for 270 Ha. under Drip Irrigation for Jatropha plantation.

 

 7.       Nellore District was allotted an extent of 500 Ha. of Jatropha plantation. The areas proposed for plantation in watersheds, CLDP etc., and also under Rainfed and Irrigation are given below :

 

Watersheds

CLDP

Other farmers fields

 

Total

100 Ha

200 Ha

200 Ha.

500 Ha.

 

 

 

Rainfed

300 Ha

The identification of farmers under Jatropha plantation is under progress

Irrigated

200 Ha.

TOTAL

500 Ha.

          


 

 

Chapter  - III: ACHIEVEMENTS

Brief History of Evolution of Watershed Concepts :

 

          Watershed is a technical term used by the British to denore a common drainage point. It is a hydro geological unit. In American terminology, it is referred to as Catchment Area.

 

          In order to combat the frequent recurrence of drought in the states, Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP) was introducted during the year 1975, as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) with matching state share of 50:50 and adopted the watershed approach in 1987. The Drought Prone Area Programme concentrated on non-arable lands. Drainage lines for in-situ soil and moisture conservation, agro-forestry, pasture development, horticulture and alternate land use were its main components.

 

          Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP) was introducted during 1991 with 100% central assistance. The Integrated Wasteland Development Programme made silvi-culture and soil & moisture conservation in lands under government or community or private control as its predominant activity, without any regard for the complete micro-watershed principle or with peoples participation.

 

          The programmes of dry land development in Andhra Pradesh have undergone a major change from 1995-96 with the introduction of new watershed guidelines, based on the recommendations of Dr.Ch.Hanumantha Raos Committee Report. The focus of these programmes may differ but their common basic objective is land and water resource management for sustainable production.

 

          The term watershed-plus emerged in 1998 to describe new-look watershed projects that would step beyond their usual remit in order to address the needs of marginalized groups of people, such as those with no land, women and the poorest of the community. This was to be achieved through activities not normally associated with watershed development projects, such as improved water management, minor irrigation works, the provision of drinking water and sanitation, forestry and interventions to address the specific needs of the poorest, including provision of credit, collection and processing of non-timber forest products, aquaculture and crafts. The DFID funded A.P., Rural Livelihoods Project is an example of watershed plus approach to degraded/wastelands treatment leading to providing sustainable livelihoods to the rural poor.

Changes that have taken place in the approaches to Watershed Management:

          Watershed Development Projects have been taken up under different programmes launched by Government of India in the country. The Drought Prone Area programmes (DPAP) and the Desert Development Programme (DDP) adopted the watersheds approved in 1987. The Integrated Wastelands Development Board in 1989 is aimed at development of wastelands on a watershed basis. This programme had now been brought under the administrative jurisdiction of the Department of Land Resources in the Ministry for Rural Development, Government of India. The fourth Major programme based on the watershed concept is the National Watershed Development Programme in rainfed areas (NWDPRA) under the Ministry of Agriculture. Out of these programmes, Nellore District is notified by the Government of India for implementing the Integrated Wastelands Development Programme.

 

          The reason for including Nellore district under IWDP only, is probably, due to the fact that the district is having vast extent of wastelands of different categories to an extent of 37.61% (as per 1990 statistics) to the total geographical area of the district. The District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) in Nellore district is operating IWDP and other schemes like EAS, ECRP, APHMC, etc., wherein the wastelands are getting treated up under IWDP scheme alone there are 4 sanctioned projects. With activities over the last 6 years the wasteland extent has been considerably brought down. The present extent may be around 15 to 20%. This requires detail survey by the District authorities using NRSA data and ground verification. This will help in drawing up new schemes for future projects.

                    In this programme a concerted integrated micro watershed development approach was envisaged under Dr.Hanumantha Rao's new guidelines of Government of India.  According to this, area of watershed would be approximately 500ha. In micro watersheds the developmental works are being taken up by watershed committees with the help of Self Help Groups and User Groups under the supervision of Watershed Development Team, Project Implementing Agencies, Multi Disciplinary Teams.

                   Guidelines for watershed development of areas have been laid     down by Government of India (Ministry of Rural Development) on 17-       10-1994 and they were revised on 24-08-2001.

These guidelines envisages formation of watershed villages committee with the members of the villages covering the watershed and formation of watershed committees, Watershed Development Teams, Project Implementing Agencies and preparation of action plan by the committee and approval and execution of works through the watershed committees and allied         matters.

 Hariyali guidelines:

 New guidelines called Hariyali guidelines were communicated by the Government of India during the year 2002.  According to these guidelines, the watershed development programme is placed under the ontrol of grama Panchayats institutions.   The sarpanch and the members of the grama Panchayat will act as watershed committee and execute works through the user groups.

 APRLP Approach:

 Andhra Pradesh Rural Livelihood Programme was introduced in 5 district of Andhra Pradesh and same approach is to be followed in other districts of Andhra Pradesh.  As per this progrmame social mobilization, capacity building, Enterprises Promotions, gender equity, productivity enhancement, and natural resources management will be taken-up in the watershed areas.

 

1.      Viz., formation of user groups, labour groups, kalajathas, social audit and wall paints.

2.      Viz., to primary and secondary stakeholders capacity building.

3.      Enterprises Promotion : Form based, Non-based livelihoods promotion.

4.      Gender sensitization for stakeholders.

5.      To enhance the productivity for both agriculture and allied activities.

6.      Soil & Moisture conservation and CPR development.

Year wise programme wise physical and financial achievements

 

Phy in Ha : Fin Rs. In lakhs

Name of the

Scheme

No of Watersheds

Project

Period

Target

Achievement

Phy

Fin

Phy

Fin

IWDP Project I

20

1994-99

8917

416.72

8917

421.10

IWDP Project II

22

1995-00

9320

415.69

9320

395.50

IWDP Project III

25

1998-03

12500

500.00

12000

474.55

IWDP Project IV

25

1999-04

12500

500.00

11000

428.52

IWDP Project V

12

2002-07

6000

360.00

1420

117.47

IWDP Project VI

12

2002-07

6000

360.00

1600

100.78

IWDP Project VII

12

2002-07

6000

360.00

1770

106.442

E A S

76

1997-03

38000

1179.86

38000

1154.038

APHM & ECRP

20

1997-02

10000

586.00

10000

578.04

RIDF - V I

60

2000-03

7689

444.38

6626

360.64

RIDF VIII  (Phase I)

16

2002-03

5509

238.552

4898

179.36

RIDF VIII (Phase II)

13

2003-04

3261

150.00

2420

109.75

TOTAL

313

 

111665

5452.012

107971

4426.19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Analysis of the coverage area in terms of percentage area trated.

1.     Total Wasteland Area             -         4918.16 Sq Kms.i.e, 491800.00 Ha.

 

2.     Total treated Area through      -                                     107971.00 Ha

       Watersheds

 

3.     Telugu Ganga Afforestation     -                                     10000.00 Ha

       Project Area treated

 

4.     Other land development         -                                     10000.00 Ha

       Activities by individual farmers

 

5.     Area covered under CLDP       -                                        6160.00 Ha.

 

6.     TotalArea Treated (2+3+4+5)                                       134131.00Ha

 

Balance area to be treated (1-5)                                            357669.00 Ha

 

Impact of the interventions through studies, impact assessments and evaluations:-

 

          Evaluation of watersheds was conducted by N.R.I.M.S , Hyderabad and Sri Kesava Reddy, I.F.S (Retd) Former Prl. Chief Conservator of Forests, Andhra Pradesh , on the watershed programmes taken up by D.W.M.A, Nellore.

          The main contents of the evaluation report are:-

a.       Significant raise of water levels is noted where watershed activities are taken up

 

b.       Ground water levels have been raised from 0.5 mts to 3.0 mts

 

c.       Additional area brought under cultivation :             17168 Ha

 

d.       Increase milk production in lts / day           :         25 to 136 lts.

 

e.       Reduction of labour migration                    :         58 % to 71.88%

 

f.        Horticulture / Afforestation in  addl. Area     :         11518 Ha

 

g.       Percentage of amount spent though SHGs  :         33 % to 51.24 %

 

 

 

          The socio-economic evaluation studies in watersheds in the District revealed that there is considerable over all development in the watershed area due to watershed development programme. The evaluation studies indicated the following developments in the watershed areas after the construction of rainwater harvesting structures.

 

      There is an increase in depth to water levels in the irrigation wells located in the influence zone of the water harvesting structure to the tune of 1.00 m.to 3.00 m.

 

      Additional net area brought under cultivation 24.12 ha per watershed

 

      Because of the construction of rain water harvesting structures and other developmental works ground water body got recharged and due to this many defunct irrigation wells in the watershed area get rejuvenated.

 

      In many cases drinking water problem has been reduced to in minimum due recharge of bore wells and open wells.

 

      Because of the construction of the rain water-harvesting structures ground water body in the watershed area get recharged and resulted in raising of ground water levels and thereby the yields of the wells increased. This in turn resulted in raising additional ayacut under the irrigation wells and ultimately the farmers are getting additional financial benefit because of increasing in crop yields. The evaluation studies indicated that on average additional increase in net returns under each well in the influence zone of the rain water harvesting structures ranging from Rs.5,000/- to Rs.50000/- per season.

 

         Various agencies have conducted evaluations on watershed programs in Nellore district. General observation suggested that the strategy with which the programme is being implemented is satisfactory which needs some improvements. It has given an impression that the functionaries and the people at village level are aware about the programmes, about the structures and their utility when once the at least normal rains are received. These were no adverse converts on the programme in general from the members of the public.

         Evaluation reports have concluded that WDP appears to have a had positive impact in the watershed villages in terms of soils and moisture conservation and a rise in water table level leading to an increase in crop productivity. It has also been successful in promoting horticulture and animal husbandry activities.

         Further, certain weaknesses in WDP has been observed by the evaluators. It is has been pointed out the programme appears to be week in community organisation and peoples involvement, maintenance of certain records etc.

Overall observations:

         The following are the important recommendations offered for bringing about improvement in the functioning of WDP, particularly to strengthen the peoples participating necessary for sustaining the efforts being made.

 

1)     Community Organisation component has to be strengthened.

2)     First three months of project period should be devoted to creation of proper awareness among the people.

3)     Micro planning should be unique for each watershed taking into account the locally available resources.

4)     Efforts should be made to strengthen participation of user groups in the programme.

 

The watershed works and community works should be taken up only during lean agriculture season in order to generate additional employment. The expenditures incurred on different watershed should be made known to the people. Innovative measures in construction of check dams etc should be taken up.

 

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY IS AS FOLLOWS :

 

                  Ridge to valley approach

                  Priority for SMC works

                  Low cost structures

                  Labour oriented works namely, MPTs, Farm Ponds, repairs to traditional water bodies etc.,

 

                  Priority to the lands of SC, ST and other BPL families for treatment.

                  Identification of works and preparation of action plans by the community.

                  Execution of works by the user groups.

                  Maintenance of transparency in all the stages of implementation.

 

 

Chapter IV  : The Perspective Plan

 

The total area available for treatment is 357669.00 Ha

 

Types of lands

 

WASTELANDS IN NELLORE DISTRICT

                                                                        (in Sq.km.)

01.   Geographical Area                                         13075.70

02.   Upland with or without scrub                              3234.52   (24.74%)

03.   Waterlogged and Marshy land                              234.95 (1.8%)

04.   Land affected by salinity /alkanity                         249.75 (1.91%)

05.   Under utilized /degraded forest area                      823.34 (6.3%)

06.   Sand desert /coastal                                          202.02 (1.55%)

07.   Barren rock/stony waste / steeprock area              172.58   (1.32%)

08.   Total Wastelands (sum of items 2 to 7)               4918.16  (37.61%)

         

          The soils in the district are classified as Sandy soils, Red soils, Laterite soils , Murram soils, Clayey soils, Alluvial soils, Saline and Alkaline soils.

          The soils in the District are generally categorized as 23% black soil , 43% Red soil and 34% Sandy soils.

         Based on the analyzing of maps on Nellore district taken by APSRAC the following classification has been made depending on degenerating environmental conditions

1.      Very high priority areas.

2.      High priority areas.

3.      Medium priority areas.

4.      Low priority

5.      Very Low  priority areas.

 

While selecting watershed villages priority will be given for first two categories. Besides peoples participation, SC, ST Population percentage of education among villages, agriculture labour, availability of ground water etc., will be taken into consideration. Mainly peoples readiness to implement the watershed programme in a village and participation of villages will be taken into consideration

 

 

For watersheds :

Sl.No.

Name of the Block

Total area identified for treatment

Area already taken up for treatment

Balance area to be treated

1

Vinjamur

39136

23500

15636

2

Atmakur

21018

12500

8518

3

Udayagiri

51339

40000

11339

4

Kavali

7192

4500

2692

5

Venkatagiri

22129

14500

7629

6

Naidupet

9546

3500

6046

7

Gudur

18563

6500

12063

8

Rapur

11668

10000

1665

9

Sullurpet

19598

2500

17098

10

Vakadu

9440

2000

7440

11

Podalakur

15531

10500

5031

12

Kovur

2688

1500

1188

13

Butchireddipalem

15573

5000

10573

14

Indukurpet

5913

2000

3913

 

TOTAL

249334

138500

110834

 

 

For CLDP:

                                                                                    (in Ha)

Total Assigned land available

Area covered so far under CLDP

Balance area to be covered

1,18,042

6,032

1,12,010

 

Year wise break up of the proposed areas of treatment is as follows:-

                                                                                                (Area in Ha)

Sl. No

Scheme/ Batch

No. of w/s

Total Area identified for treatment

Area already treated

Balance area to be treatment

Year

2005 - 06

2006 - 07

2007 - 08

2008 - 09

2009-2010

1

IWDP-5

12

6000

1515

4485

2690

1795

0

0

0

2

IWDP-6

12

6000

1090

4310

2590

1720

0

0

0

3

IWDP-7

12

5000

1770

4230

2540

1690

0

0

0

4

IWDP-8

12

6000

 0

6000

1500

1500

1200

900

900

 

Grand Total

48

23000

4375

19025

9320

6705

1200

900

900

 

 Chapter V: Annual action plan for 2005 - 2006:

 

         Process involved in preparation of action plan :

 

          During 2005-06, action plans were prepared by involving micro level functionaries. I.e. the works were identified with the help of association and VOs, to the extent of fund allocated to that village.  The same works were approved in the grama sabhas and the action plans have been prepared.  The same  concept is followed for the CLDP blocks.

 

         The rationale for the selection of the areas:

      Over exploited villages

      SC, ST population

      Low rainfall areas particularly where there is migration of labour

         Implementation Strategy is as follows:

      Ridge to valley approach

      Priority for SMC works

      Low cost structures

      Labour oriented works namely, MPTs, Farm Ponds, repairs to traditional water bodies etc.,

      Priority to the lands of SC, ST and other BPL families for treatment.

      Identification of works and preparation of action plans by the community.

      Execution of works by the user groups.

      Maintenance of transparency in all the stages of implementation.

Capacity Building:

         Training will be organized to all the SHGs of upscalling watersheds in SHG concept, Group dynamics, Book keeping Leadership qualities etc.

         Exposure visits will be organized to the week SHGs.

         VOs will be trained on, Watershed Concept, Livelihood Concept, Management aspects etc.

         Exposure visits will be organized to successful VOs where they have taken up innovative livelihoods, involved in watershed activities etc.

         Sarpanchs of Hariyali watersheds will be trained in the implementation of watershed their roles and responsibilities will be explained.

         Exposure visits will be organized to the sarpanchs to successfully implemented watershed villages.

         Para workers will be trained in all the watershed villages in both Animal Husbandry, Agricultural.

         Trainings on seed productions will be organized to progressive farmers in watersheds villages.

         Trainings will be organized to the kalajatha teams in Hariyali concept.

         Health camps & Literacy camps will be organized.

 

 

 

CHAPTER - VI

OUTCOMES

Watersheds:

  1. 4420  Ha. of area will be brought under soil and moisture conservation

 

  1. 2932 Ha. of area will be brought under Plantation

 

  1. a) 1.40 lakhs of No. of Person days will be generated for women

 

b) 1.25 lakhs of No. Person days will be generated for men.

 

  1. 2880 No. of stakeholders will be trained

 

  1. 480 No. of CBOs are strengthening on watershed management and livelihoods

 

  1. a) 36 No. of Women trained / positioned as para workers.

 

b) 36 No. of Men trained / positioned as para workers.

 

  1. Seed production is initiated in 12 No. of villages

 

  1. 20 No. villages practicing INM and IPM

 

9.  No. of Single Women / Women headed families

 

*        No. of SC families      -         1272

*        No. of ST families      -         388

*        No. of BC families      -         573

*        No. of OC families     -         167

 

Indira Prabha CLDP

 

1.      5897 Ha. out of total 6032  ha will be brought under utilization

 

a.      4957 Ha will be brought under crops

b.      915 Ha will be brought under Horticulture

c. 25 Ha will be brought under other Plantation

d.      5897 Ha Haun-cultivated area will be brought under cultivation first time.

 

2.      12,284 lakhs No. of families will be assisted under land development programme

 

3.      3730 No. of families will be assisted with other Livelihoods

 

4.      2045 Ha. will be provided with new Irrigation facility